AFFIDAVIT is said to come from "he has
made oath" in Middle Latin, deriving from ad (to) + fidere
(to trust). Fidere should be linked to Latin vadis (a pledge), to
German wetten (to pledge, wager) and to Anglo Saxon weddian (to
pledge, engage). WED and WEDDING are traced back to an Indo-European root wadh (a
pledge). WADSET, wad in Scottish, is a mortgage, a pledged security for
Consider a like-sounding Biblical noun and verb of
guarantee, of pledging to repay a debt by leaving a valuable item as security.
The three-letter root is ע Ayin plus בט Bet-Tet,
the likely source of the word BET. A BET, like עבט [A][V]oaDT,
refers to the pledged item. The lenders security or pledge is in Deuteronomy24:10, where עבט Ayin-Bhet-Tet appears as a verb
andanoun. Deuteronomy15:8 -- "lend him sufficient" (under
obligation); "that ladeth himself with many pledges"-- Habakkuk2:6. בטח BoDTaya[K]H
is the verb to trust in Deuteronomy 28:52 . The noun בטח BeDTa[K]H means security in Genesis 34:25.
The two-letter sound of trust is bilabial-dental, in all its forms from
בט Bet-Tet. בד Bet-Dalit falsity is בדה BaDAh (to lie I Kings
12:33). BAD faith here is separated (see BAT) and subjective truth.
and FAITH are cognates of AFFIDAVIT at the Indo-European root bheidh (to
confide). The two-letter root here is VT or BT. Merely place a guttural after
the VT, instead of before it and you'll see Ayin-Bhet-Tet, עבט GHaBHoaDT
(pledge), become BeDTaK[H] (confidence) and BiTaK[H]OAN (guarantee,
insurance). A pledged item is also called a PAWN. The early Frisian term paud
(pledge) may be a nasalized (extra N thrown in) PD word, fitting all the
labial-dental terms above as well as VaDAhY (certainty, from confessedly). Czech
dental-bilabials (reversed) of our Edenic bilabial-dental roots of BETTING,
FAITH and VETTING include duvera (confidence,
trust) and duverny (confidential).
labial-dental words of trust, like conFiDent and FIDelity, see
FAITH, as well as BET and VOTE.