Origin of English word AGRICULTURE

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The word AGRICULTURE is addressed in the entry: AGRICULTURALIST

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word











A field of AGRICULTURAL words has been harvested, processed and distilled to the Indo-European “root” agro (field).  Agros (field) is Greek; aecer (field or ACRE) is Old English.  The older German term for one who worked his ACRE was ackermann.

אכר   EeKaR is a farmer.  The plural  אכרים EeKaR eeYM  are the "Farmers and vinedressers" (or husbandmen in older translations)  referred to in IIChronicles26:10.  Similar in Akkadian, Aramaic and.Syriac.   אכר EeKaiR is to farm;   קרקע QaRQ[A]h is land.  Kahf-Resh-Hey,   כרה KahRaH, is to dig.  Digging is at the guttural-liquid root of AGRICULTURE.


In Aramaic, Hebrew's closest relative,  ARGHAh (a metathesis away from AGR) is land and [K]HaQaL is a field.  Remembering that liquids interchange, L→ R,  [K]HaQLAh(OOT) is a well-chosen Modern Hebrew term for AGRICULTURE.  The Het-Koof-Lamed may have influenced words like CULTURE and CULTIVATE. Scientists concur that agriculture began in Israel and Jordan.

 A related two-letter root is reduced to GR, as  GeReSH is yield or produce, and (M)'GRahSH  is a plot of land. [A]hQaR (to uproot) is related. Echoes of the Edenic words above include  Sanskrit ajras (a field), Japanese hor, to dig and French agriculteur (a farmer). A  Frisian ACRE is ikker.

The AHD feels that Indo-European agro (field) is from ag- (to drive), since cattle can be driven to a field.  NaHaG means to lead to (Genesis 31:26).  The listed cognates of AGRICULTURE include AGRIA- and AGRO- words like AGROLOGY, AGRONOMY, and AGROPHOBIA, along  with ONAGER, PEREGRINE, PILGRIM, and STAVESACRE,

Bible Verses

II Chronicles 26:10 ויבן מגדלים במדבר ויחצב ברות רבים כי מקנה־רב היה לו ובשׁפלה ובמישׁור אכרים וכרמים בהרים ובכרמל כי־אהב אדמה היה׃

“And be built towers in the wilderness, and hewed out many cisterns, for he had much cattle; in the Lowland also, and in the table-land; and he had husbandmen and vinedressers in the mountains and in the fruitful fields; for he loved husbandry.” (JPS)



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