[ELN → ELM]
Like the Hebrew אילן EeYLahN (tree), the ELM is a generic name for hardy shade
trees. The stump of Latin ulmus (elm) is the Indo-European root el (red,
brown see the previous entry). The el root corresponds to אלה AyLaH (terebinth tree in Genesis35:4).
Four verses later, in Genesis35:8, is the אילן EeYLahN (oak tree,
any large shade tree). אילם AYLiM (literally
"terebinth trees" or "grove of oaks") is the name of the
tree-filled oasis of Exodus15:27. A liquid shift brings us to another tree, as ארן OaReN is a cedar,
pine or fir (Isaiah 44:14). א-ר-ן Aleph-Resh-Noon
figures in other words at NIB and URN.
The Southern Israeli city of AYLahT (Eilat) is also a
tree name. The Indo-European root el only takes in the ALDER and ELDER trees.
ULMACEOUS means of the Elm family. ULM, Germany is probably related, as is the
ALAMO - from a Spanish term for the cottonwood or poplar tree.
ALMUG and ALGUM trees are
official borrowings from Hebrew AhLGOOM. The ILANG-ILANG tree (Tagalog), the
LINDE(N) and the LIME tree all are related liquid-nasal trees. Shifting
liquids, L to R, Hebrew branches include OReN (trees of pine or fir) and
[A]hRMOAN (chestnut tree). That MR is reversed in a Japanese grove or forest: mori.
LM is reversed in the Hawaiian and Proto Polynesian shade tree: milo.
Linis a forest in Chinese. Lemn and legne are the
words for "wood" in Rumanian and Italian . Shift liquids Lamed to R for a
ceder-like tree in Sumerian: eren. More trees at ASH TREE and TREE.