Origin of English word APPRAISE

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The word APPRAISE is addressed in the entry: PRIZE


English Word

PRIZE

Edenic Word

P’Rah$

Hebrew Word

פרס

Transliteration

Pey-Resh-Samekh

Pronounciation

PRUSS

Conversion

[PRS]

Roots

PRIZE is from Middle English pris (value, price). This is traced to Latin prendre (to take) and the IE “root” ghend (to seize, take). Somehow, PRIZE is thought to be a cognate of words like “get” and “prison.”

One would think that PRIZE belongs with PRS financial words like PRECIOUS, PRICE and APPRAISE.  These words are traced by the AHD to an IE “root” named per- 6 (to traffic in, sell, from an earlier root meaning “to hand over”

and”distribute.”    In Czech, for example, cena means both “prize” and “price.”

  פרס PRah$ means “to distribute” (Harkavy),  to "deal" or give out in Isaiah 58:7.

 Elsewhere, is means to break or spread (B-Y).   פרס PRah$ in Aramaic is a reward, prize or gift.

A metathesis away, the bilabial-fricative-liquid  פזר   PaZaR is “to distribute largely, to lavish” (Psalm 112:9 – Harkavy).


Branches

Other alleged cognates of PRIZE are APPRECIATE, DEPRECIATE, INTERPRET and PORNOGRAPHY. 

Since prizes like inheritance are often divided up and distributed, the  פ-ר Pey-Resh- plus-fricative family is relevant –– see   DISPERSE and PHRASE.


Related Words

DISPERSE,PHRASE



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