PRIZE is from Middle English pris
(value, price). This is traced to Latin prendre (to take) and the IE
root ghend (to seize, take). Somehow, PRIZE is thought to be a cognate
of words like get and prison.
One would think that PRIZE belongs with PRS financial words
like PRECIOUS, PRICE and APPRAISE. These words are traced by the AHD to an IE
root named per- 6 (to
traffic in, sell, from an earlier root meaning to hand over
anddistribute. In Czech, for example, cena means both prize and
means to distribute (Harkavy), to "deal" or give out in Isaiah
Elsewhere, is means to break or spread (B-Y). פרס PRah$ in Aramaic is a reward, prize
A metathesis away, the bilabial-fricative-liquid פזר PaZaR is to distribute largely, to
lavish (Psalm 112:9 Harkavy).
cognates of PRIZE are APPRECIATE, DEPRECIATE, INTERPRET and PORNOGRAPHY.
prizes like inheritance are often divided up and distributed, the פ-ר Pey-Resh- plus-fricative family is
relevant see DISPERSE and PHRASE.