Origin of English word ASTONISHMENT

Bookmark and Share

The word ASTONISHMENT is addressed in the entry: ASTONISH


English Word

ASTONISH

Edenic Word

TaMaH

Hebrew Word

תמה

Transliteration

Tahf-Mem-Hey

Pronounciation

Tumb-AH

Conversion

[TM → TN]

Meaning

to be astonished, amazed

Roots

Amazingly, the S of ASTONISH is not there in French etonner (to surprise) nor in the so-called Indo-European “root”  (s)tene  (to thunder).   Perhaps an unhistoric S drifted in from similar words like “astound” and “stun.”

The oldest dental-nasals of ASTONISHMENT should be    תמה TaMaH (to be astonished, amazed – Psalms 48:6,  Jeremiah 4:9.  Earlier there is תמה ון לבב TiMHOAN LeyBHaBH, “astonishment of heart” in Deuteronomy 28:28.  The TM or DM makes a wondrous din, like Indo-European “root”’s thunder, and the opposite of the quietness found at the Dalet-Mem words at the  DUMB entry.  Aaron is dumbstruck ,   דום DOAM, in Leviticus 9:3.  Syriac TiMaH means struck dumb or stupefied.


Branches

The cognates of ASTONISH listed by the AHD are BLUNDERBUSS, DETONATE, DUNDERHEAD, STUN, THUNDER, THOR, THURSDAY (Thor’s day) and TORNADO.  French etonnant means astonishing. 


Bible Verses

Psalms 48:6 המה ראו כן תמהו נבהלו נחפזו׃

“They saw, straightway they were amazed; they were affrighted, they hasted away.” (Alternative versions: Psalms 48:5)


Strong

(8539)

Related Words

DUMB



Leave a Comment


Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.

 *Name

 *Email (will not be published)


 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)