To KEEN is wailing for the dead, from the
Irish caoine (lament). The Indo-European root, kan (to sing), is weaker than the Japanese equivalent below. קינה QeeYNaH is also a "lament" (Jeremiah7:29) or stylized wailing for the dead. In IISamuel1:17 "David intoned this dirge over Saul and his son
Jonathan." While Jeremiah9:9 places the קינה QeeYNaH in the context of "weeping
and wailing," the reference to MiQOANiNOAT or
"dirge-singers" in verse 17 assures us that the KEENING of Israelites
(as of the Irish) is singing - not merely crying.
There is less intense grief in an NK term like ANaK[H]aH,
groan. It informs less hysterical emotions like ANXIETY see HANG.
For that KEEN which infers "sharpness" or
"agreeable" there is HaK[H]ahM (smart see 'ACUMEN"),
סכין $aKeeYN (knife see SAXON) and K[H]aNeeYT
(javelin), or כן KaiN (so…yes Genesis 1:7; like Chinese ken,
agree, concent X385) and חן K[H]aiN (charm, grace, favor
Genesis 30:27). This
non-vocal keen has no Indo-European root, but is traced to Anglo-Saxon cunnan,
to be able.
K-N Wailing for loss is the opposite of GAIN; קנה QaNaH is possession (see COIN.) Loss is compounded by the
feeling that others still have what you lost. Jealousy is קנאה
QiNAH (Numbers 5:4). This is another reason why mourners are comforted
by company, and why bereavement is less severe in wider disasters when many
have lost loved ones.
While the Japanese
reverse KN (naku means" to cry") and remove song from the
sense, the Indo-European root kan (to sing) has lost the sense of elegy. Japanese
(sosuru)-naki is to sob or weep.
(throat, windpipe see CANE), however, would justify a KN term
of piping (singing) divorced from any connotation of a mournful dirge.
Moreover, GHaNaH is to sing (Exodus32:18). Indo-European kan,
related to both Hebrew KN terms, gives us ACCENT, CANT, CANTICLE, CANTILATE,
CANTO, CANTOR, CANZONE, CHANT, CHARM (which seems to link up with KEEN above),
ENCHANTED, INCANTATION, INCENTIVE, OSCINE and RECANT.
Kumakena is to lament, bewail or mourn
loudly for the dead in Hawaiian. Chang is to sing in Chinese.