Origin of English word LATE

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









Webster's cities Anglo-Saxon laet (slow, sluggish, tardy). Dutch lant and German lass (slow, lazy) are related; the Indo-European base is leid. The AHD reduces the Indo-European “root” for LATE down to Ie.  The nasalized Italian le n to (slow) is a musical direction used in English as LENTO.

   לאט Lih’AhDT is slow or sluggish (Isaiah8:6).  A liquid +    ט Tet/DT  antonym of the captioned term is רהוט RaHOODT (quick), from Aramaic RiHaDT, to run, akin to רץ   RaTS (run – seen at ROTATE)


להות LAhOOT or LAhOO(S) is weariness or exhaustion; LASSITUDE (weariness) is from Latin lassus (faint)   LAZY is ultimately related. Cognates of LASSITUDE and LATE at Indo-European Ie (to let go, slacken)  include: ALAS, LAST-, LATTER, LENIENT, LET-  and LIEGE.

A nasalization (extra N) of    לאט Lih’AhDT (slow, slowly) gives us Spanish, lento Rumanian lent (slowly) and French le n te ment (slowly). "Slowly" in Hungarian is lassan. Hungarian lusta is lazy , a reversal of   עצל [ A]TSeL (lazy – see LAZY).  The    ל-צ Lamed-Tsadi/L-S/T is a secondary etymon for LATE.   For LS words of LOOSE LASSITUDE see LOOSE.   עצל  [A]hTSaiL ("lazy," "idle"- Judges18:9, Proverbs6:6) is a reversed LS or LT term.

LOITER is from Middle English loitren, to idle away time.  LATENESS is an obvious result of LOITERING.

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