Origin of English word MORIBUND

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The word MORIBUND is addressed in the entry: MILL


English Word

MILL

Edenic Word

MaLaL

Hebrew Word

מלל

Transliteration

Mem-Lamed-Lamed

Pronounciation

MA-LULL

Conversion

[ MLL ]

Roots

Latin molere is to grind.the alleged IE “root” is mela or mel (to crush, grind) and one of its derivatives is MOLDER (crumble, rot);   מלל MaLaL also means the breaking down, of a substance by either an abrasive rubbing and scraping or by a melting (Job18:6) and withering (Psalms37:2). מלח   MaLa[K]H is to vanish, pass away (Jeremiah 38:11), a better source for MELT than the reconstructed Indo-European “root” mel – 1 (soft… softened)  – see  MELT.

The built-in opposite of the above withering away is מלח   MaLa[K]H to salt (preserve) Exodus 30:35.


Branches

QaMaL is withered. The cognates of MILL include BLINI, BLINTZ, BLITE, IMMOLATE, MALLET (see MALLET), MALLEABLE, MALLEUS, MALM (crumble), MAUL, MEALIE, MEAL, MILIUM, MILLET, MOLAR, MOLD, MOLE-, MOULIN, MULL, MULLER, MYLONITE and PALL-MALL.

Another cognate, MAELSRROM, recalls the other MILLofMILLING around.  MaLaL is "shuffles (with his feet)" in theUniversity of Chicago translation of Proverbs6:13.

Cognates MEALIES (maize) and MILLET (grass with edible seeds) fit closer to MiLeeYLaH (ripe corn or "ears" in Deuteronomy23:26). IE “root” mel- is soft and mel- is a soft material—wool. MaYLa(S) is a Mishnaic word for wool; there is no indication that the word was borrowed from Greek mallos (wool). Reverse ML to LM, and shift to LN, to get LANOLIN (from Latin lana, wool).

At IE “root” mel- (soft) are several terms that warrant inclusion here. MaLaL means to melt, and MELT (see above), SMELT and MULCH are logical derivatives. MALT, MILT, MOIL, MOLLUSK, EMOLLIENT, ENAMEL, MILD and MALTHA are mel- derivatives that are also relevant to the Hebrew words here.

Soft is molle in Italian, and moale in Italian.The ML softness root may be shifted and reversed in Chinese ruan, soft.

To MOLLIFY is to soften verbally, so the Mem-Lamed of MaLaL  meets the Mem-Lamed of MaLaL (speak, utter – Syriac-Aramaic) and MiLaH (word – Aramiac).

Alternate etymons for cognates SCHMALTZ and MUTTON are in order, as Old High German smalz (animal fat) is not made soft or broken down in the characteristic way for these ML words. Fat is soft, of course, but it is also greasy. SHeMeN means fat, oil and grease - the N → L change is taken up in an appendix. As for Old French moton, source of MUTTON, it may be a reversal of the TS-N or TM in TSOaN (sheep; other small cattle).

Perhaps the closest Indo-European “root” to MaLaL (rub. wither) is mer- (to rub away, harm). The sense connection is so good, we can forgive the minor L → R shift. Listed cognates of MORTAR and MARASMUS (from a Greek word meaning "to wither or waste away") include AMARANTH, NIGHTMARE, MORDANT, MORSEL, REMORSE, MURDER, MORT(AL), MORIBUND, MURRAIN, and MANTICORE. The AHD considers the painful SMART an extension of this same root.

All Germanic languages use ML relatives of MEAL for their term for flour. The Japanese don't tamper with the original flour, as komugiko is only an additive away from קמח   QeMaK[H] (flour). Swahili changes KMK to unga (flour), while KMK becomes muka (flour) in Russian. Latvian mal is to grind; in Sumerian “to grind” is just ma- 5 .

The MEAL or repast is currently thought to come from a fabricated Indo-European “root” me- (to measure). The true etymon might be a reversal of  Le[K]HeM ("meal" in ISamuel20:27). Similarly, MELEE might be a reversal of  Loa[K]HeM (war, battle): current etymological theory links MELEE to "meddle" and "mix." Lamed-Het-Mem means food, primarily bread or  specifically meat in Arabic and the verb of waging war --  because most wars are economic struggles.  Samoan reverses our milling ML to LM with lamu (chew).

ML softness appears in zoology in the phylum for soft-shelled invertebrates, MOLLUSCA, of MOLLUSKS.


Related Words

TALCUM POWDER



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