[ NGD → NXT]
before, in front of
The Indo-European root of NEXT is the improbable nehw-iz
(near). The Old English root of NEAR is neah, without an R.
is translated "before" in Joshua5:13 and as
"in front of" in Exodus19:2. Note the dental
shift from Dalet/ D to T. NEXT can also mean "just before" (in space,
in time, or in rank).the alleged Indo-European root is hehwiz (near).
The 2-letter Hebrew root נג N-G is akin to NIGH and the first element of NEIBHBOR. This
Noon-Gimel subroot appears in words like נגע NaG[A]h
(to approach, touch, reach Jeremiah 4:10) . There is also the Biblical נכח NayKHaK[H]
(in front of, over against Exodus 14:2) and נכח NoaKHa[K]H, defined by the Ben-Yehudah dictionary
as opposite; parallel.
NEAR and NIGH
belong in the same NEIGHBORHOOD as NEXT. The original guttural sound of the
etymon is better preserved in the German nachst (next, next to,
opposite of NEXT TO or NEAR is seen in the translation of the same NeGeD in Deuteronomy32:52 ("afar off"). The "opposition" sense
of NGD has encouraged some to see ANTI- in its counterpart Ne(G)eD (against,
opposed). The Indo-European root of ANTE- and ANTI- is ant (front, forehead),
which shares effrontery with MeTSa[K]H ("forehead" - Jeremiah3:3
see MARROW). Forehead in North Caucasian protoform is endu. Near,
close is jin in Chinese what the Noon-Gimel subroot would have become.
words, like NEGATE and RENEGADE, might be influenced by this נגד NeGeD of
opposition (Kyle Aaron ). Only a S-D apart. Latin negare
(to deny), the Latin prefix neg (not) and earlier Italic stem *nek
(not) do not dismiss נגד
mean exposed (Judges 9:17), divulged (Joshua 2(:20), and open to the view of
all (Numbers 25:4). These are a far better etymon for NAKED then offered by the
skin-obsessed AHD. Their alleged cognates, GYMNASIUM from Greek and NUDE
from Latin, are more easily seen by the NAKED eye as deriving from Edenic
nasal-guttural-dental that from the Indo-European root nog w (naked) with unexpalined suffixed forms.
NeGeD has all
the meaning, in front of yet in opposition to words like COUNTER,
COUNTER-, COUNTENANCE and CONTRA-. CONTRAST also has connotations of
proximity yet opposition. The CON looks like a prefix, but the etymology has
to make sense. Lazy lexicographers rely too heavily on such prefixes and
suffixes. And they will spell words according to these hunches. Latin contra
(against) makes no sense from the given Indo-European root kom (near, with). The
AHD adds cognates like COUNTRY and ENCOUNTER.
CNT words, the Gimel.G of נגד
NeGeD has to shift gutturals to a hard C, the Dalet/D would have to shift
dentals to T, and an M213 metathesis must be followed.
opposition might have influenced other words with easier sound correspondence
like the NEGATIVITY above..
Joshua 5:13 ויהי בהיות יהושׁע ביריחו וישׂא עיניו וירא והנה־אישׁ עמד לנגדו וחרבו שׁלופה בידו וילך יהושׁע אליו ויאמר לו הלנו אתה אם־לצרינו׃
And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand; and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him: Art thou for us, or for our adversaries?