Origin of English word SLEDGE

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The word SLEDGE is addressed in the entry: QUARTER


English Word

QUARTER

Edenic Word

Re[V]aGH

Hebrew Word

רבע

Transliteration

Resh-Bhet-Ayin

Pronounciation

REV-AGH

Conversion

[RVGH → QVR]

Roots

Given the fact that the Europeans borrowed "Arabic" numerals from Semites whose letters went from right to left, some confusion was inevitable. The Hebrew for one fourth ( ¼ ) or one QUARTER is רבע   Re[V]aGH (Exodus29:40).  Dutch kwart ( ¼ ), Polish cwierc ( ¼ ), and Latin quartus (pronounced "kvortus") require a full inversion of Hebrew's   ר-ב-ע Resh-Bhet-Ayin, R -V-GH. This is like RVQ after a guttural shift. The reconstructed Indo-European “root” for "four" is the strange concoction kwetwer.

Four (4) in Hebrew is א רבע ARBaGH or ARB[A]h (Genesis23:16). QUARTER ( ¼ ) in Arabic (rouba) and Swahili (robo) do not have the guttural K or Q here, leaving Hebrew as the most logical source for all forms of four, like QUA(T)R(AIN) or (S)QUARE. English FOUR, from Anglo-Saxon feower,  does appear to be a reversed liquid-bilabial that spread after the establishment of Arabic trade roots. For the Resh-Bhet root's meaning see RIFE.  More at FOUR.


Branches

Other examples of a 123 → 321  full reversals include STACK from GaDeSH (shifting to  KTS and reversing to STK -- stack of sheaves - Judges15:5), SWEET from  Di[V]aSH  (shifting to TWS and reversing to SWT – date honey, history’s first sweetener --  Genesis 43:11) and SLOG, SLEIGH (see SLEIGH) or SLEDGE from GaLaS(H) ( only S shifting, but a full reversal -- to ski – see   GLISSADE). A  fine Resh-Bhet-Ayin QUARTER is German Revier (quarter, district).

Some of the FORTY cognates of QUARTER at Indo-European “root” kwetwer include CADRE, CAHIER, CARILLON, CARNET, FARTHING, FIRKIN, FOUR, FOURTEEN, QUADRANT, QUADRATE, QUADRILLE, QUADROON, QUARANTINE (a 40-day period), QUART (1/4 gallon), QUARTO, QUARREL, QUARRY, and SQUAD.

In Marathi (Bombay) number four in car, pronounced like “care.”

 Words meaning a “quarter” that have the bilabial-liquid sound of FOUR. like German vierte and Swahili robo certainly resemble Edenic ReBH[A].more than the invented Indo-European “root” kwetwer.     Linquists should have suspected that QUART and SQUARE are cognates. But they could not make these slightly different “four” terms square.   Resh-Bhet-Vav-(guttural) Ayin, Ra(V)OO[A]h (square – Exodus 27:1) , elsewhere just RaV[A]h, reverses to guttural-V-R.  An inhistoric S is added to many initial-guttural words, see SCALLOP.   The makes our reversed Resh-Bhet-Ayin (square) sound like S-K-V-R. Here’s our SQUARE. The AHD has to

return to the Frankenstein (Germanic laboratory reconstruction) kwetwer  (four)  for an Indo-European “root”. At least they agree that SQUARE did not have an S in its oldest form. 

French quatre (four) is said to give rise to CATERCORNER, which became the Americanism: KITTY-CORNER (diagonally across). Polish kat is a corner or angle, so this folk etymology is suspect, and one should consider  קצה QaTSeH, extremity, edge – see COAST.


Related Words

SLEIGH



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