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By Isaac Mozeson

A PERKY, Even FREAKY and FREE-wheeling Entry


PERK              PeRaGH              Pey-Resh-Ayin

perr-UGH_____פרע_____[P-R-GH à P-R-KH]

ROOTS: The dictionaries don't know where PERK came from, but one theory is "probably from Old Norman French perquer (to perch):"

Perching is too sedentary for the PERKY (spirited, jaunty) senses of the word.

PERK is "to raise, as the head, briskly or spiritedly."

  פרע PeRaGH is a verb of spirited behavior, rendered "broken loose" in Exodus 32:25.

 It literally (and thus figuratively) means letting the hair down in Ezekiel 44:20 or "unrestrained" in II Chronicles 28:19.


BRANCHES:    פרקPaRaQ (to throw off, free) and evenפרח   PeRaK[H] (flower) are related.  See FREE and FREAK.

FREAK    (Hi)FReeYG       Hey- Phey-Resh-Yod-Gimel

(HI)-FREEG ____ ___הפריג________[PH-R-G à FRK]

ROOTS: The dictionaries, in a FREAK (unusual) display of candor admit "origin unknown" for this one.

The FRK Biblical Hebrew terms at FREE will do well to match the capricious, whimsical and disordered connotations of FREAK. Abnormal behavior, as in the slang phrase "to FREAK OUT," is precisely the kind of abrupt, emotional change of mood in the Aramaic verb



         לפרקיםL’FRaQeeYeeM  means "on rare occasions."  פרועה PaROO[A]H means unrestrained and disorderly, but also a more FERAL wildness –  see “FEROC IOUS.”

After the Golden Calf  (Exodus 32:25) , Moses sees that the Israelites are FaRooGHah,    פרעPey-Resh-Ayin, “broken loose,” later in JPS “out of control.”   See BREAK and PERK.

פרע PaRooGHah, akin to FRK, is translated as “unbridled, unruly” by Harkavy, and B-Y cites extensions meaning riot, to plunder and to cause disorder. Riotously loose hair, the  פרע PeR[A]h of Numbers 5:18 (related to PILIFORM, hairy, PL words at “PILE”) can be a good FREAKY.

But a FREAK outbreak of rioting is  bad and FREAKISH, like the outbreak of disease:  פרח PeRaK[H]  (Leviticus 13:12 – see “BREAK”).  

 We may thus see פרע Pey-Resh-Ayin as the  פר Pey-Resh sub-root of spreading and breaking out seen in words like  פרד   PaRaD (to spread, see “SPREAD”) and פרץ  PaRaTS (to break forth, breach, see “BURST”), with the רע Resh-Ayin of bad behavior seen at “WRONG.” (Al L. Ansley)


BRANCHES:  It’s daringly non-conformist, even FREAKY, to be FRANK. FRANK is from Middle Latin francus (free, at liberty). The word is nasalized, but is a fine semantic match for פרע   Pey-Resh-Ayin seen below at “FREE.”



FREE           FaRoo[A]h           Phey-Resh-Ayin

FAR-OO-AH___  _____פרע________[PH-R-U]

ROOTS: The so-called IE “root” of FREE is pri (to love).  The FREEDOM of free love is a nice 1960’s fantasy, but Anglo-Saxon freo means “not in bondage.”

פרע PHaRoo[A]h or PaRoo[A]h is unrestrained or "broken loose" in Exodus 32:25. The term is rendered "threw off constraints" in II Chronicles 28:19.

The Ayin of    פ-ר-עPey-Resh-Ayin, as usual, can be a vowel, like  FRE, or a guttural, like  PR-GH.  פ-ר-ע Pey-Resh-Ayin  is therefore related to both  פרק PaRaQ (to free, untie, loosen, save, brake off a yoke  --- Genesis 27:40 ) and  פרא   PeReEh (wild - Genesis 16:12).

The פ Pey or  פ-ר    Phey-Resh / P(H)-R subroot indicates breaking out or spreading forth in scores of Hebrew words – see “BREAK,”  “FREAK,” FRUIT, SPARROW, and SPREAD.



BRANCHES:    German  frech is impudent, brazen, fresh . From the German we can see that this unrestrained, FRESH, FREAKY behavior  is from Pey-Resh-Ayin ( a guttural, not a fricative like SH.)


 A breaker of the national yoke of repression is a savior. By Daniel 4:24  פרק PiRaQ means to deliver or redeem.  On Sabbath mornings Jews pray that a פרקן PaRQahN (redeemer in Aramaic) will come to rescue them. They are not invoking Rev. Louis Farrakhan, whose surname means “redeemer” in Arabic.

While their loving definition may be way off, some of the AHD’s cognates for FREE may be valid:  AFRAY, FILIBUSTER, FRIEND, FRIGG (Odin’s loving, or unrestrained, wife) and her day: FRIDAY and SIEGFRIED.

Edenecist Al. L. Ansley notes the  PHYRGIAN hat is a symbol of freedom, especially in French Revolutionary and Masonic art. The P-R-guttural name of PHRYGIA comes from the Greek Ipirycs (freemen).  So these are from our  פרע Phey-Resh-Ayin root of freedom.


Susannah   12/27/2011 5:50:00 AM
Perefct answer! That really gets to the heart of it!

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