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By Isaac Mozeson


THE EDENIC S W O R D DID NOT SPREAD BY INVASION

Apr18

 
HARP(OON)   [K]HeReBH     Het-Resh-Bhet
HERR-EV____       חרב   ____ [HRV à HRP]
ROOTS:  A HARPOONis a thrown, sharp weapon, like a spear or javelin.  More spears below.  A HARPOON is not like a sickle nor is it  hook-like, and it doesn't cut things off.  Nonetheless, the Indo-European (IE) 'root' invented for this is serp-1 (sickle, hook), and the Latin word cited is sarpere (to cut off, prune).
 Captain Ahab's HARPOON to stab Moby Dick is related to Biblical King Ahab's sword: the חרב  [K]HeReBH.  An Indo-European original tribe is the Great White Whale of Western scholars.  The first recorded sword is the  חרב  K[H]eReBH of Genesis 3:24.  In Ezekiel 5:1, Joshua 5:2 and Ezekiel 26:9 is it seen that חרב  K[H]eReBH can mean any sharp blade, like of  a razor, knife or ax.  'The sword' means war.  CLEAVING the sub-roots of    חרב K[H]-R + R-BH :
 a lot of ( רב  RahBH) kindled anger (חרה ) goes into war.   קרב  QRahBH is war (II Samuel 17:11).  The  ח-ר Het-Resh sub-root is seen at 'HOLE,'  cutting words like חרש K[H]aRaSH  (to plow, cut, engrave), חרץ K[H]aRaTZ, to cut, sharpen (destructive in Isaiah 10:23), and  especially חרב  K[H]aReyBH (destroy, slay – Jeremiah 50:27).  Only shifts of liquid and bilabial away, and a good source word for a few of the swords/sharp projectiles below is חלף  K[H]aLaPH, sharp, to pierce…later a slaughtering knife; חולפא K[H]OOLPAh is a knife in Syriac; nearly identical in Aramaic; Akkadian eliptu is a chisel.
Figurative 'blades,' of grass, figure in HERB below.   A liquid shift away, [K]HaLaPH
More guttural-liquid swordplay at GUERRILLA and HARROW. 
 
BRANCHES:  Since war is Arabic is harb, one might mistake Hungarian war, haboru, for a borrowing. But borrowed words are not usually recast in M132  metathesis form. Nor, sadly,  did anyone have to borrow a word for war. Turkish harb, war, is from Arabic cultural dominance. Our  Edenic חרב   [K]HeReBH  (sword… also meaning war)is thelogical ource of both the Arabic and Hungarian words.
Arabic 'war' as 'sword-time' suggests that war is a cultural norm. See 'GUERILLA' for reasons that other cultures might opt for war. To war in Edenic is לחם  LoaOAK[H]eM.   לחם LeK[H]eM is food. So Edenic war is for sustenance, survival, not macho recreation. The Sumerian sword is just kar; gir is a knife.
The archaic, now poetic word for 'sword' in Finnish is kalpa (S-L, S-B, from MN).  The Polish saber is a karabela; the Lithuanian axe is a kirvis; the Sanskrit sword is a karaavala which became the Hindi  Kr̥pāṇa कृपाण (sabre --  S-B) – all forged from the original  חרב K[H]eREBH (sword).  Closer to HARPOON (a weapon to be thrown), Turkish harbe is a short lance. Ruve is a harpoon and an arrow in the Amerind (Macro-Carib) language of Yagua. 
The verb GORE (see GORE)  is traced to Old English  gar and Old Norse geirr (spear), whose Edenic source is a shifted חרב K[H]eREBH (sword). The weak end-Bhet has been lopped off.  Ger is a spear in Dutch; this Germanic weapon appears in names like GERALD and GERTRUDE.  [MF, RW]   Another guttural-liquid weapon is the Ukrainian kil (spear).  See HARROW.
HARVEY is a Germanic name meaning a warrior, like French herve. More HR and HL warlike names include HARRIOT and HILDA.  The Het-Resh-Bhet in $aNK[H]ayReeYBH,  the Assyrian king SENNACHERIB (II Kings 18:13) means war and K[H]aRahBH (destroy – II Kings 3:23).  [Al L. Ansley]  To Hebrew listeners, the name means $ahN (sharp – see TINE) + the Het-Resh-Bhet element of sword and destruction. It is no problem if the name means something else in Assyrian, just like MoSHeH (Moses) and BaBHeL (Babel) mean something else in Egyptian (son) and Babylonian (godly gate).
'Blades' or 'spears' of grass are less deadly than a   חרב [K]HeREBH (sword, blade). Nonetheless, the Edenic blade named the HERB. 
Albanian reverses the Edenic, as bar is their word for grass and herb.
Maltese sword, xable, might be a sabre from KHeReBH, since X is often a fricative, but might be a guttural.
.
 Ben-Yehuda (B-Y) includes the blade of a plow in defining חרב [K]HeREBH, so the term is not confined to חרבן [K]HooRBHaN (destruction). Latin herba, grass, herb, had the H dropped in Italian erba but not in French herbe.   Accompanying HERB is HERBICIDE, HERBIVOROUS, HERBAL and HERBAVORE (see DEVOUR).   
GLAIVE (sword – see Old French below) is either from A) the given Latin gladius, sword), B) from an Indo-European 'root' kel-1 (to strike, cut).  (letters D and V are not together in the mouth.)  or  C) mild, common, anatomical shifts from Edenic חרב K[H]eRe(V), sword.
Swordsmanship became finer with the use of the RAPIER (also a foil or light sword in German).  RAPIER is of 'uncertain origin,' so perhaps the liquid-bilabial weapon was forged from an earlier sword. The Arabic sword and spear are near identical; 'spear' words belong here in a HARPOON entry that often recalls the Edenic sword K[H]eReBH.
                                                                                       Guttural-Liquid-Bilabial     throat-tongue-lip letters
E D E N I C
חרב, sword
[K]H eReBH
Albanian
Sword, palm – reverse pallë, guttural fades
Ë       LL   aP
Arabic, Turkish
War, 'the sword'
Ha      R    B
Arabic
spear
Ha      R    Ba
Arawak/Achagua/Amerind
fish hook – S-L
K    uL   úPa                         [FA]
Celtic
spear, javelin – M132 S-G S-L javelot
Ja     Lot  Ve
Croatian
spear – M132 S-B  S-L koplje
Ko    Lje   P
Cuiba/Guahibo/Amerind
spear
Kué   R   aBo                        [FA]
Egyptian
sword – S-B
H        R    P
English
Harpoon – S-B
Ha     R   Poon
Finnish
Spear, harpoon
Ha     R   PPuuna
Finnish
sword
K a     L     Pa
French
To spear
Ha     R     Ponner
French
sword, broadsword
G       La  iVe
Hawaiian
Blade -- bilabial dropped
Ki       L a
Hindi
Saber – S-B
K       R      Pāṇa 
Hungarian
War, 'the sword'—M132 metathesis of HaBoRu
Ha     Ru    Bo
Indonesian
spear – bilabial dropped S-L  S-G
Ga     Lah
Irish (Connact, Munster and Ulster dialects)
sword (also Munster clee-ev and in Ulster clay-ev ) - S-L  S-G
C        L   aiVe                        [SG]
 
Korean
Knife, sword – S-L bilabial drop
Kh     aL                                 [FA]
Latin
sword -- – S-B
Ha      R     Pe
Lithuanian
axe
Ki       R     Vis
Lithuanian
sword, sabre
Ka      La    Vijas
Lithuanian
spear, harpoon
Ha      R      Pūnas
Middle Korean
knife, sword – bilabikal dropped
Ká      Rh                              [FA]
Nyakyusa/Bantu
 hort sword, sword
U        Lu   Bo                       [FA]
Old English
sword—bilabial dropped
Heo    Ru                                [FA]
Old French
Broadsword – S-G  S-L
G       L    aiVe
Old Prussian
Sword -– S-L
Ka      La    Bian                      [FA]
Polish
saber
Ka      R a   Bela
Romanian
spear, harpoon – S-B
Ha      R      Pon
Samoan
sword – pelu reversed, guttural dropped
         uL    eP
Sanskrit
sword
Ka     Raa  Vala
Serbian
spear -- M132 S-B S-L of Koplje
Ko     Lje    P
Sumerian
sword – bilabial dropped
Ka     R
Swedish
sword, smallsword; M321 reversal
           
Ja    äR      V
Tamil (S. India)
sword, ploughshare, scissors, sharpness -- va_l. reversed
         L    aV                         [FA]
Turkish
sword
Ki       Lic
Turkish
scimitar, sword – pala reversed
A        L      aP
Yagua/Amerind
dart (small harpoon)
Ja      R      aPu                      [FA]
Also from FA/ Fernando Aedo:
Amerindian:
rébo, front point or tip, prow (Shipibo and others)
rübegi, thorn; small, hard pointed stick (Huitoto Murui) M231
ruve,   barb, dart (small harpoon) or arrow (Yagua)
juleb, arrow (Yucatecan Maya)
kulúpa-bo, fish hook (Guahibo/Guahibo)
?okbere, axe (Barí/Chibcha) M132
Dravidian:
bāḷ(u), sword (Kannada) ß
bha_la_, spear, crescent-headed arrow (Or.)
hella, spear, dart (Si.)
pagari, pagal.i, a dart, an arrow (Tu.lex.) M312
vala, point, sharp end, spearhead, sting (Kui) ß
hul, barb, sting, point, awn (B.)
karu, prong, barb, tine, spike (Ta.lex.)
Bantu:
lupanga, a machete, a sword, sabre (Mambwe: Bantu) M231 + N
rubiu, sword (Chuka: Bantu)
lufu, sword (Dawida: Bantu)
ulubo, short sword, sword (Nyakyusa: Bantu)
lipanga, spear (Yao: Bantu) M231 + N
 
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Daniel   4/19/2013 6:13:00 AM
Isaac, that's a really great post. Keep up the great work. Thanks!

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