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By Isaac Mozeson

The BEAT Goes On


What does a BATTERY, a BUNT, COMBAT, a PUNT and a REBATE have in common?
The etymon or source word בעט Ba h’[A]hT ( to kick or strike out).

Here's the E-Word CD Dict. entry:

BEAT Bee[A]iDT Bet-Ayin-Tet


ROOTS: The IE (Indo-European) “root” of BEAT is said to be bhau (to strike).

All the meanings of BEAT are covered by Hebrew sound-alikes. BEAT is 1) to repeatedly strike, 2) to punish with flogging,

3) to tread upon or make flat, 4) to mix, as to BEAT eggs, 5) to outdo or defeat an opponent.

בעט Bee[A]iDT, and earlier בעט Bah’[A]hT in Deuteronomy 32:15, is to kick out at, trample and spurn. בטש BaDTaSH (Aramaic) is to beat or stamp, a relative of פטש PaDTahSH (to hammer out).

Eben Shoshan's dictionary also states that the term means to conquer (beat) and to mix or stir (beat). Both פטיש PaTeeYSH and BEETLE mean a hammer. Repeated blows and strokes are implied by חבט

[K]HaBHaDT, as in Deuteronomy 24:20 "when you BEAT your olive tree" -- תחבט Ta[K]HBHoaDT. Arabic wataha means “he beat with cudgels).

BRANCHES: Two armies, together (com- trying to kick butt is called COMBAT (from the French word for fight).

Beating a drum is only a PAT or TAP (PAT back­wards) . תפף ToaPHaiF (strike lightly) is an extension of תף ToaPH (drum – see TAP).

Besides פטש PaDTahSH above, words like BASH are linked to פחת Pa[K]Ha$ (to batter, beat out of shape).

The IE “root” battuere (to beat) is a "Latin verb of unknown origin"

The following easily relate to the Hebrew terms above: ABATE, BAT(v.), BATTER, BATTERY, DEBATE, and REBATE. MORE at BAT, "BOOT," and BUTT. The repeated beating of חבט KhaBaDT above sounds like Japanese habataku (to flap wings).

BATTLE is thought to come from a fabricated IE “root” battuere, a Latin verb of unknown origin. פתל FaTahL means "wrestled" (JPS Bible) or "struggled together" (Hebrew-English Lexicon of the Bible) in Genesis 30:8.

Listed cognates of BEAT include ABUT, BEETLE, BUSHEL, BUTT, BUTTOCK, BUTTON, BUTTRESS, HALIBUT, REBUT, REFUTE and SACKBUT. POU(N)D is a nasalized PT or PD word of striking.

In American baseball and foorball, strategy sometimes calls for hitting the ball with a BUNT or PUNT. The forms of בעט Bah’[A]hT are nasalized because they are so much easier to pronounce.

In tune with the Edenic beat are words like: bate (Rumanian ) , bater (Portuguese ), batter (French) , bic (Polish), bit (Czech and Slovakian) , bit (Ukrainian), bitj (Russian) and p´aeta (Korean).

The p-guttural “strike” words, like those below, are from פגע PeG’GHah or PeG[A]h (strike – I Kings 2:25):

Pegar, (Spanish), picchiare , (Italian) and peksma (Estonian). (RW)


Posted from Sefad. Beaten by earthquakes, and rebuilt on the ruins, like the phrase from the Lecha Dodi prayer (written here).

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