Origin of English word ANTECEDENT

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[M-TS → NT]


ANTECEDENT is traced from an alleged IE “root” ant (front, forehead).  Latin ante means before.  The ANTECHAMBER  or ANTEROOM of the head, the ANTE- or earlier part is the forehead or brow. 

מצח MayTSa [K]H  means  brow,  forehead. (Jeremiah 3:3).    Moving from the NT, earlier the MT, opening façade to the interior sense of marrow and brains ,   מצוע MeeTSOOaGH  means midst (see MEZZANINE) Mem-Vav-Het,    מוח MoaWa[K]H means marrow, brains (Job21:24) – see MARROW. The nasal+tsadi theme goes from a beginning and an ANTECEDENT to an opposite word like נצח     NeTSa]K]H (forever – Isaiah 34:10).  The Edenic MT brow, the body part that ANTECEDES or precedes any animal, gave us words for “before.”   Similarly, the concept of “corners,” of  side extensions, are natural  extentions of the growths on the sides of animals with horns – see CORNER from קרן   QeReN (horn). The ANTENNAE of an ANT are as significant as the horns of a moose when it comes to spacial words for ”sides” and “front.”


If the nasal shift from Mem-Tsadi to NT bothers you, consider MAZARD (now obsolete) meaning head, skull or face. Here, the slight shift from he ANTEDELUVIAN  MayTSa[K]H (brow or forehead),involves the Tsadi/TS and Z. In Japanese our Mem-Tsadi etymon reverses to atama (head).  

  Could the prefix ANTE- and The wide data that gave rise to an ant “root” (forehead) give us a clue to the bug called an ANT?  Absolutely. ANT is initially from Old English oemete.  The ant has a prominent forehead with a ser of ANTENNA perched on its forehead. Better yet for our linkage to MayTSa[K]H, the ant in  Anglo-Saxon is the emmet.  EMMET as ant is archaic English now, but it exists in names like EMMET, EMMY and EM.  Some of the better “ant” words include German Ameise, Indonesian semut (a metathesis where the T and S of the Tsadi/TS have been split), and Swahili sisimizi.  Slavic and Romance ants are named for carrying – see FERRY.   Spanish ANTENNA is antenna.

Forehead in North Caucasian protoform is the nasal-dental endu. The Tagalog forehead is reducd to noo.   Cognates of  the preix ANTE- and MAZARD in the AHD include ADVANCE, ANCIENT, ALONG, ANTERIOR, ANTI-, ANTE, ANTIC, ANTIQUE (see ANTIQUE), END, UNTIL and VEDANTA.  The AHD links up the following words, since their “root” ant is linkd to the alleged root ambhi : AMBI-,  AMBIDEXTROUS, AMBIENCE, AMBIGUOUS, AMBITION, AMBIVALENCE, AMPHI-, AMPHIBIAN, AMPHITHEATER, AMPUTATE, BE-, BESET, BEDAZZLE, BEDECK, BEJEWEL.BEWHISKERED, BIVOUAC, OMBUDSMAN and UMLAUT.

ANTELOPE have horns up front, on their  MayTSa[K]H (forehead), more like goats or the ibex.  Perhaps ironically, the side-grown horns of a moose are still called ANTLERS.  We’d expect this “ANT” word to better fit the more vertical growth of deer cartilage, but these horns are still very different from the shape and spacing of the horns of cattle.

An ANTE in a poker game is a stake set before recieving a hand of cards.  There are 130 English words with the ANTE- prefix of “before,” including: ANTEBELLUM,  ANTECESSOR (Spanish too), ANTEDATE, ANTEDILUVIAN, ANTEMERIDIAN, ANTEMOSIAC, ANTEPASTE, ANTEPENUIT ANTERIOR and ANTICIPATE..   The romance languages have many ANT- words, like French anterieur (prior), Italian anticipo (advance), Portuguese anteontem (day before yesterday) and Spanish antepasado (ancestor).     MayT Sa[K]H might also figure in ANTIQUE below.

Bible Verses

Jeremiah 3:3 וימנעו רבבים ומלקושׁ לוא היה ומצח אשׁה זונה היה לך מאנת הכלם׃

“Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there hath been no latter rain; yet thou hadst a harlot's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.”



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