Origin of English word ARISTOCRACY

Bookmark and Share

The word ARISTOCRACY is addressed in the entry: ARITHMETIC

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[R- SH–M → R-TH-M]


Middle English arsm(etic) may derive from Greek arithmein (to count) and arithm(os) (a number).   The Indo-European “root,” which doesn’t add up, is below.

 A number or an account is a notation, a mark, a sign or a registra­tion - the given definitions of   רשום ReeSHOOM ("recorded)" -- Daniel 10:21).      רשם RaSHaM is to record.

Shin/S to TH is not a common shift, but see entries like ORTHODOX.  Shin/S to T IS standard via Aramaic.


LOGARITHM is one of several words from the Greek etymon. The "log" prefix is from Greek logos (proportion, ratio). LOG-, along with GILL and GALLON (both liquid measures), may be related to LoaG (a liquid measure).

The Indo-European “root” for ARITHM(ETIC) is ar (to fit together), fitting together such so-called cognates as ARITHMETIC, ARM, ALARM, INERT, ARTHRO- (see ARTHRITIS), ARISTOCRACY, ADORN and RITE.    See RESUME.

TH in English is usually from a Tahf as THaf.  But Edenic Shin/ SH may lead  to a Greek TH. CATHARSIS is from Greek kathar(os) (pure), ultimately from  Edenic כשר KaSHeR (kosher – see CATHARTIC); THANATOS (death)  may be from    שנה SHaNaH (sleep); and THECA, from theke (a case), may be related to  English SaC and from Edenic  שק SahQ (sack) – see SACK.  תיק   TeeYQ is a case in Modern Hebrew, but this was borrowed from the Greek.

This TH-Shin correspondence is clearer in Swahili where thelathini and SHeLoSHiM mean thirty, themanimi and SHEMONIM mean eighty, and thelugi and SHeLeG mean show.

Related Words


Leave a Comment

Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.


 *Email (will not be published)

 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)