Origin of English word ARREST

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[A-TS-R → A-R-ST]


REST and ARREST are traced to Indo-European “root” sta (to stand),  STAY is attributed to Indo-European “root” stak (to stand),  and to ROOST (when birds, like ROOSTERS, stay put) is surmised to come from kred (framework). The Edenic term for stopping and restraning, which allows for a guttural (k), and all the R-STs, is עצור  [A]TSOAR (to retain, restrain, close up – Genesis 20:18). There are similar  cognates in Aramaic, Akkadian and Syriac.  In Modern Hebrew עצור  [A]TSOAR means to arrest.  אסר A$ahR is to bind, fetter, harness (Genesis 46:20) and to hold and RESTRICT  אסירים A$eeYReeYM (prisoners -- Genesis 39:22). Two other fricative-R verbs of binding are     שרר   SaR aR  (to bind, Harkavy, seen in the knot or navel of Songs7:3) and צרר   TSaR aR (Exodus 12:34).


Words like RESTIVE, RESTITUTION andROOSTER are extentions of REST.  Since  עצר   [A]TSaR means closed up, it’s a fine source for OYSTER.   REST in Italian is resto. But the sequenee in an Italian dizionario of ristare (to pause), ristorante (restaurant), and  ristorare (to refresh), makes it clear that a RESTAURANT is the pause that refreshes.  Swedish rast means “pause.”  The Tsadi is merely a T in French,  with arret (stop). Rest, repose, stop in German is  Rast. Osaeru is to suppress or stop in Japanese.

For REST (remainder) see RESIDUE.

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