Origin of English word BACKWARD

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The word BACKWARD is addressed in the entry: RUCKSACK


English Word

RUCKSACK

Edenic Word

AK[H]OAR

Hebrew Word

אחור

Transliteration

Aleph-Het-Vav-Resh

Pronounciation

Ah-KHORE

Conversion

[(Y)RK]

Roots

For the SACK element,  see this near-universal word at SACK.

A RUCKSACK is a backpack, from the German Rucken (back) .  A small Germsn dictionary has twenty Ruck words meaning “back, reverse, return, the tail, retro- “, etc.” The alleged Indo-European “root” for RUCK and RUCKSACK is the overly inclusive sker- 3   and ker (to turn, bend). This shoddy “root” takes in many words that have sound Edenic etymons here, including ARRANGE,  CROWN and CURVE.   

While the more common words for the rear are guttural-liquid, the liquid-guttural built-in synonym which is closest to R-K is   ירכה YaRKHaH (hind part, rear – Exodus 26:27).   אחור    AhK[H]OAR means rear, buttocks, back (Ezekiel8:16).          אחורי AK[H]OAReeY is rear or posterior.  Just   אחר AK[H]aR means hindpart;   אחרי A K [H]aRaY is afterwards, and  אחרו ן   AK[H]aROAN means last.    More below, at ARCHAIC and at CARRACK.


Branches

אחר   AK[H]eR means “other” (Genesis 4:25).  It is related to the similar terms of the other side, the flip side or the back side above.  It is a fine alternative etymon to OTHER, since the AHD offers the Indo-European “root” an- 2 (demonstrative particle).

  URAEUS (snake figure) is from Greek oura (tail); Indonesian ekor means tail.    אחור   AhK[H]OAR is a fine Edenic source for  “tail.”  There’s also the anagramic Turkish version: kuyruk. Het-Resh shifts to HL in the tails of Danish and Norwegian: hale.  Het-Resh gave Hawaiin huelo (tail) and okole (buttocks).  M’Oo K[H]aR (late) recalls Japanese okur(eru), meaning to become late or to become backward. Ura means back or reverse. Another Japanese word fromAleph-Het-Resh is  -kara (since, after) from  AK[H]ahR (after).  AK[H]OARaH means backwards. ARCHAIC, (see ARCHAIC), ARCAEOLOGY and ARCHE(TYPE) should be metathesized,  AKR → ARK terms of backwardness. AK[H]ahR (after - Genesis9:28) and AK[H]OARaH (backwards) may link up to the prefixes RE- and UR- (primitive).

The IE “root” ors (backside, buttocks) is also from Aleph-Het-Resh back sides. This root is said to give English several URO-, -UROUS words, as well as CYNOSURE and SQUIRREL.

The antonym of Het-Resh retrogression is seen in the RK element of progression at DIRECTION.

Words for “back” from a backwards  אחור AK[H]OAR include Turkisk arka, and Germanic cognates of Ruchen (back) where the gutural has shifted to G: Danish ryg, Dutch rug and Norwegianand Swedish rygg.  One might assume that the same elements would appear in words maning BACKWARD, but is not so. The Edenic etymon used by Scandinavian langues is a backwards GahV (back – source of BACK).  Backward in Danish is bagefter; the Swedish is bakat; the Norwegian is tilbake.  Back to אחור AK[H]OAR (not the anatomical BACK), German “backward” is ruckwaarts, and the Dutch is achterwaarts.  German Quere  (crossways) might be the same Het-Resh skewed another way.   The Het-Resh backbone of AK[H]OARaNeeYT

(backward) appears in French arrier. As in REAR and AREARS, the Het went silent, but the Resh was doubled. In the “backward” of Turkish, geri,  the Het-Resh of  אחור AK[H]OAR is intact, but the guttural has shifted to G.

“Back” words like REAR and ARREARS are from  אחור   A[K]HOAR.  The doubled R, as in French arriere (back, rear) might be from the Vav as W drifting into what became an R.  See SWARTHY at ”OSBCURE.”


Related Words

CURVE



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