Origin of English word BALSAM

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









to be fragrant


BALSAM is from Latin balsamum; it is a gummy plant resin used for perfume. BALSAMIC means fragrant.

  בשם BoSeM is the term for the fragrant spices used in Temple worship. Spelled with a ש    Sin/S in Exodus30:23, it is spelled   בסם   Boa$eM, with a   ס Samekh/$, elsewhere.  Both spellings render words which mean perfume and the verb "to be fragrant:"   Song ofSongs4:16 "Awake, 0’ north wind, come, 0 south wind! Blow upon by garden, that its perfume may spread."   In Exodus 35:8 the similar fricative-nasal words are presented near each other in the Torah’s typical incremental repetition of comparable terms: שמים   SaMeeYM (spices), then סמים   $aMeeM(incense). 

The fragrant  סמדר   $MaDaR, (blossom – Songs  7:13) should be a combination  of  סם Samekh-Mem (smell) + דר D-R (release), as דרור DROAR  (freedom, release – Leviticus 25:19.)  


BALM is from Greek balsamon (balsam).

For the built-in opposite of B-S sweet smells, see BISON.

 SMELL has no Indo-European “root”.   Beside the S-M smells above, a scent of something is like a sense of it

–          see SIMULATION.

 SHOOM (garlic- Numbers 11:5) is similar in Akadian (shumu).

Bible Verses

Song of Solomon 4:16 עורי צפון ובואי תימן הפיחי גני יזלו בשׂמיו יבא דודי לגנו ויאכל פרי מגדיו׃

“Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his precious fruits.”



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