Origin of English word BAT

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[B( D)T]


tree limb, piece of wood


For the  verb of BATTING, see BOOT.  This entry is about the wooden noun.The Anglo-Saxon and Celtic words for this stick, club or cudgel are traced all the way back to a theoretical source of WOOD –  the Indo-European “root” vidhu or widhu (tree).  To pull these roots up,  the B of BAT had shifted  bilabials from V or W, and the T of BAT shifted dentals from DH.

For a non-laboratory root,   there is Edenic   בד BahD (tree limb, thus piece of wood) . Only a dental shift,     ד  Daled to it’s  look-alike T, is needed.  We've all used a tree limb as a baseball BAT, and   בד BahD is a tree limb, wooden board, rod, staff or "stave" in Exodus25:13.

An isolated tree limb has the sound and sense of BUT, that which is singled out – see this   ב-ד Bet-Dalet theme at DIVIDED.

For the opposite sense, twoness, but another bilabial - dental, see  בית   BeYT (letter and number two, ב ) at BOTH.


Branches or limbs of the same tree include: BATON, BATTEN, BOAT ( see below) , FID, FIDDLE and WADDY (the BAT or cudgel of Australian aborigines).  A WAND is a nasalized WADDY or BAT, not from an Indo-European “root” called wendh (to turn, wind, weave).  The royal BATON of a king or sire (see “SIR”) is a compound of these two elements,  a SaRBHeeYDT (scepter – Esther 4:11).  A  SHayBHeDT is a rod or scepter (Genesis 49:10). EMK  and Harkavy see SaRBHeeYDT as an extention of SHaYBHeDT; even if so, the royal SaR sense should have helped.

Fernando Aedo suggests that BOAT is a TB reversal of Noah’s ark or תבה TeyBHaH (Genesis 6:14 – see TUB). 

Spanish bote is a boat or a box, and Noah’s ark was boxy and rectangular.  Fid is an Old Irish tree.  A FID is a lump, square or bar of wood; an English nautical term.  The cruder wooden violin is a FIDDLE.  Ved is Norwegian for wood; Puuta is wood or tree in Finnish.  More intimidating than a FIDDLESTICK, reverse our bilabial-dental to tupa for a spear in Malay.

A BITT is a post on a ship's deck, the etymon given is Old Norse biti (a beam).

If the pedon (oar in Greek) belongs here, then its derivative PILOT should too.

For the verb BAT, see BEAT.  More wooden sticks at LUTE and STICK.

A Bat or BahD is an indivual plank or pole, isolated from others used to build something. It is therefore L’BhaD, alone, like the conjunction BUT.   More bilabiable-dental separateness at entries like BIT, DIVIDED, and “WIDOW.”

One should not be surprised to find forms of Bet-Dalet in anatomical limbs. The Tagalog (Philippines) leg is the nasalized (extra N) binti.

Bible Verses

Exodus 25:13 ועשׂית בדי עצי שׁטים וצפית אתם זהב׃

“And thou shalt make staves of acacia-wood, and overlay them with gold.”



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