Origin of English word BONSAI

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The word BONSAI is addressed in the entry: PENETRATE

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









The AHD scholarshave probed deep within Indo-European, and could find no “root” for PENETRATE.  Latin PENITUS is inward; penus means inmost.  פנימה PiNeeYMaH is within (Leviticus10:18)    פנימי PiNeeYMeeY is inner (IKings6:27) and  פנים PiN(eeYM) means interior.

Ugaritic pnm is "into."  For all the emptied out containers in this division of the P-N “Pointer Family” – see POINT--  פנה PeeNaH is to clear out ( Genesis24:31).  For the built-in opposite of interiority here, Pey-Noon/PN words of exteriority,  see  פנים PaNeeYM (face, surface) at PANE. Yes, Edenic has identically spelled words for exact oppostes.  This points to creative design in Edenic vocabulary, not semantically-driven human evolution  for clear, unambiguous usage in speech.


The sharp PIN (no Indo-European “root”) was made for PENETRATION.  Mammals have a P-N word for penetration for reproduction. The AHD creates a P-S Indo-European “root” for this. This, despite the P-N Latin terms above, and listing such cognates as PEN, PENCIL and PENICILLIUM. The first element in the Greek name PEN ELOPE means “needle.”

Sumerian apin is a plow, while Latvian apinis means point of the plow. 

Related insiders include: BEN (inner room), BIN (see “BIN* ), IMPOUND, PAN, PEN, PENATES, PENT, PINFOLD, POND (retainer for fish), POUND (retainer for dogs), and FUND. POND (whose given Indo-European base is pan - slime or mire) is otherwise joined with FEN (marsh) as a derivative of  (Ya)VaN ("mire"- Psalms 69:3). The AHD places POND at the Indo-European “root” bend (protruding point) along with IMPOUND, etc. They would then  be related to the writing PEN (pointing out), not the pig PEN (holding in) – see   POINT

Interior bilabial-N members of The Pointer Family (see The Origin of Species ) in Chinese include panzi, a dish; pen,  a basin. pot or PAN; ping X509, a bottle; and beng X31and weng X680, both meaning an urn. The BN in the Japanese BONSAI plant means a tray of pot (thus the potted plant. The second element appears to come from saibai (to grow or cultvate), from [A]iSeBH, grass, herbs.. (Genesis 1:11).

Pin means "into" in Maidu (California Indian); reverse to neipu for the Chinese word for inside. Ane means "in" in Korean, so it is quite possible that IN is a clipped version of the original PN preposition of interiority. Reverse to ny for "in" in Thai. Bin is a bottle or jar in Japanese, like in bonsai above.  Reverse NB for a Japanese pot (nabe).  Chinese ping  X509 is a bottle or vase.Cementing the case that these are bilabial-nasal terms of interiority is Japanese naibu (inside).

What is more "interior" than a pearl encased within an oyster? PiNeeNaH     פנינה is a pearl (Lamentations4:7 or Proverbs8:11). A pearl in Samoan is penina; in Chinese it is pin. Speaking of a PIN, Chinese bian is performing acupuncture.  For added interiority, another form of bian means to bury.

As for the ins and outs of human anatomy. There is exterior PENUS of males, and the  interior pinani or punni of females (Jamaican patois, Hawaiian, etc.). In buildings, one can be PENT-UP or PENNED IN (interior), while a  PENT ROOF or a PENTHOUSE is pointing, sloping to one side (exterior).

Whether inside or outside, the PN pointers are united at POINT,  a nd charted out in the Word family chapter of The Origin of Speeches.

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