Origin of English word CHAR

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









to be angry, kindle, burn


To CHAR or burn is dismissed as a back-formation of CHARCOAL. CHARCOAL is "probably" (read: origin unknown) from Old English charren (to turn).

חרה [K]HaRaH is to kindle, burn or be angry –  Numbers11:33. חרחר  K[H]aRK[H]ooR is inflammation or fever. חרך     [K]HaRaKH) is to "roast" in Proverbs12:27.     חרב  [K]oReBH means heat  (Isaiah 25: 4);     חרישי K[H]aReeYSeeY is hot (Jonah 4:8). The Indo-European “root” ker means heat or fire;  Shipley's equivalent root (ker V) means heat or burn  – see  CERAMIC.

 More   ח-ר  Het-Resh terms of emotional heat at IRE.    חרה   Het-Resh “heated” + ר-ב    Resh-Bhet “contention” (see RIFT) =    חרב Het-Resh-Bhet (war – see WAR).

Less in tune with the given dictionaries, but observing how CHARRED things are black, a second approach to CHAR is שחור   SHa[K]HOAR, black ( Songs 5:11). It reflects Polish black,  czarno – M213).   

 A weak or  low-level “burning” comes from spicey foods.     חריף   K[H]aReeYPH  (sharp, bitter, pungent)  can be  חרה K[H]aR aH (to burn – see CHAR)  plus  רפה   RaPHaH (to be weak


Related are  KOOR (smelting furnace – see HEARTH), (KeeVOAR (fire pot), and  KeeYRaH (stove, hearth).   GaK[H]oaL (burning coal),  QaLeeY (roast) is found at ALKALI.

For antonyms there is the whole family of QaR words of cold – see CRYOGENICS.  Frost bites and freezing also burns.

Basque erre means “to burn.”  Japanese iru (roast, fire)  is a fine Het-Resh-Hey – since an initial Het easily melts off.   Day or noon in Japanese is hiru.  This is the hot time when people take their hirune or noontime nap.

  Perhaps red (hot) words like CHAR (the red trout) and CARROT connect to KR words like CARBON, CARBUNCLE, CERAMIC, CREMATE and HEARTH. Harr is warm in Arabic. Beef JERKY is from Spanish charqui, which is from Peruvian charqui (meat dried by CHARRING over a fire).

The IE “root” g(w)her (to heat, warm) resembles K[H]aRaH (to burn); derivatives of this Indo-European “root” include THERM terms like THERMAL and THERMOMETER. If the AHD is wrong about removing the T and the M from Greek  therme (heat), DaROAM (southern) is a alternate etymon, since southerly is hotter and D and TH are interchangeable dentals.  Het-Resh”hot” words appear in Slavic; horky is hot in Czech; the Ukrainian is horyacho, while the Polish shifts to G-R.


Bible Verses

Genesis 4:6 ויאמר יהוה אל־קין למה חרה לך ולמה נפלו פניך׃

“Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you furious? And why are you downcast?” (HCSB)

Numbers 11:33 הבשׂר עודנו בין שׁניהם טרם יכרת ואף יהוה חרה בעם ויך יהוה בעם מכה רבה מאד׃

“While the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the anger of the LORD was kindled against the people, and the LORD smote the people with a very great plague.”



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