Origin of English word COURT

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









Latin cohors and cohortis mean an enclosed place; the first definition of COURT is an uncovered space surrounded by walls or buildings. Keeping in mind that cities were walled,  with              קרות     QiROAT or walls, note Aramaic   קרתא QaRTAh (city) and   קרת QeReT ("city" in Proverbs8:3).  COURT as royal palace is closer in meaning, however, to terms like   קריה QiRYaH (town, center). The phrase "city of the great king" ,    קרית QiRYaT in Psalms48:3, is in the context of a "palace."

The law or basketball COURT refers to the walls which set off the court.   יר ק  QeeYR is a wall (Leviticus14:37) .  In antiquity the wall often made the city; the crowded gate of the city wall was the traditional site of legal procedures.

The word that specifically means court, and a royal court in Esther1:5 is חצר     K[H]aTSaiR. A metathesis of KH-TS-R to KH-R-T(S) will sound-much like COURT.  

The given Indo-European “root” of COURT is gher (to grasp, enclose); this resembles    חגור K[ H]aGoaR (gird)  – see  GIRDLE and INCARCERATE.


CHORUS, COHORT, and CURTAIN, HORTICULTURE and ORCHARD are from the Indo-European “root” gher (to enclose  – see  GIRDLE).

Words like COURTEOUS and COURTLY are associated with COURT, but they may derive from a different Hebrew etymon – see  COURT  for the physical enclosure or see CURTSY at DEMOCRAT for  the conventions of power.

KaRTAh or KaRTHAh was a town in the tribal province of Zebulun; CARTHAGE echoes this urban place name.

The more common word for city is GHeeYR, also guttural-liquid. In Spanish, cerca is a fence, cercar means to surround, and cerco is a siege.

The IE “root” career (enclosure) ought to link up with COURT  – see  INCARCERATE.

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