Origin of English word ETERNAL

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[vowel or guttural plus T or S]


The alleged Indo-European “root” of ETERNAL is aiw (vital force, life, eternity). The Indo-European “root” for ETESIAN is a better fit, since wet- 2 , and Greek etos means “year.”  Even the weak sound correspondence between the reconstructed, never spoken root aiw and words like ETERNITY are less necessary considering Latin aetas (age) and the extended Latin aeternus (eternal).         

The two, closely related Edenic roots, which were actually spoken, and used millennia before Latin devolved are 1) עת   [A]iT (time, season – Akkadian ettu, time – Genesis 18:14), and 2)   עד [A]hD (eternity, perpetuity – Exodus 15:18). The precise semantic correspondence between ETERNAL and [A]hD makes up for the minor dental shift from D to T.    Ayin-Dalet has time-based meanings like [A]DaD to (to count – see ADD) and [A]iD (menstruation – Isaiah 64:5), but [A]hD also marks space – see ADD and AT.   As usual, there is a two-letter family. עת   Ayin-Tahf “time”words include:  [A]TaH means now (Genesis 22:12); [A]TaD is to precede; [E]eTaiD to prepare (Proverbs 24:27); [E]eTeeY is timely, appointed (Leviticus 16:21) and {A]hTeYD is future (Deuteronomy 32:35) .  Shifting to Aleph-Zayin (close to Ayin plus Tahf/T as Sahf/(S) - there is the time-related adverb or pronoun AhZ  (then, Exodus 15:1, at that time – see SO). The harsh guttural Ayin/GH is heard in an  עת   GHaiT (time) word in Arabic, like ghadan (tomorrow).


Others consider [A]hiD, future, to be Post Biblical Hebrew. Tahf can also be pronounced as an S or Sahf. Thus there is Old Celtic/Welsh oes (age, time), Manx eash (age, century, aeon, oldness), and similar terms in Old Irish, Scots and Greek aies (always). “AUGHT” is the only listed “cognate” of ETERNAL to sound like it belongs. Others include AGE, AYE, COETANEOUS, COEVAL, EON (see EON),  EVER, EVERY, LONGEVITY, MEDIEVAL,  NAY, NEVER, NO, PRIMEVAL and SEMPITERNAL.  Listed cognates of ETESIAN include: INVETERATE, VEAL, VETERAN, VETERINARY, VITELLUS and WETHER.    While a short period of time, DAY  is from Ayin-Tahf – see EON.  At the beginning of “day,” German Tag reverses GT or Ayin/GH-Tahf/T.  Spanish  dia (day) uses the vowel and dental available from a reversed Ayin-Tahf.  The Spanish dia isinitiallyfrom Latindie (day).  These are also Ayin-Tahf reversed. But the Ayin is the vowel Ayin, and the Tahf/T has shifted dentals to D.   Also a vowel-dental, Arabic id is a holiday, a marked occasion as with Ayin-Tahf.    AT AD INFINITUM is an Ayin-Dalet antonym, not synonym, of ETERNAL.

Favoring the Tahf as Sahf, as Polish Jews would do, Polish czas (time, term) is a  S-G   of עת GHai(S), time. 

Reversing עת [A]i(S) (time, season) we have Chinese shi (time, season). But Tahf is usually a dental. ETESIAN is from the Greek etos (year).  In the Hungarian “time” word, ido, the Tahf of [A]iT has hardened dentals to a D.  “Old” for the Dutch is oud, for the Japanese oita, and for the Turks eski.  Tahf or Sahf is S or T.  "Ancient" for the venerable Chinese is kutai (te); reverse to tik (old) among the Salishan languages of America's Northwestern Indians.  Ayin-Tahf as Sahf/ (S) can be reversed in Japanese as sai (year, age). More easily seen is Japanese itsu (time).    Because Ayin can also be a GH, there are guttural-dental “year” words like Serbo-Croat godina and Russian got. See YEAR.  Also from Ayin-Tahf, GH aiT,  (a time) are the GD in Russian words for “sometimes” and “never.”   Korean “soon” is kot a S-G of Ayin-Tahf (as in GHaTaH, now).. If Ayin-Tahf can provide “time” words of a fricative and/or dental plus vowel, there are many more derivatives to list, including: English EVENTIDE, TIDE, TIDINGS; Old English tid (time, season); Old Norse tidhr, occurring; and “time” words like Czech cas; Danish, Swedish and Norwegian tid; Dutch tijd; German Zeit; Turkish saat; and Yiddish tseit.  “Time” words with a guttural Ayin, with an added W are Arabic waqt, and derivatives Indonesian waktu and Swahili wakati.

KuTi an occasion, a time (Quechua)  <  עת GHaiT  [FA]

Related Words


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