Origin of English word FORK

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









There is no Indo-European “root.”  Latin furka is a hayfork; Latin furcatus means cloven. פרק PeReQ or FeReQ is a body joint; fork in the road or crossway" (Obadiah14).  ברך BeReKH is the knee, and the verb of kneeling (Genesis 24:11) . ברק BHaRaQ means (forked) lightning (II Samuel 22:15). This widely FORKED and FORKING out root is mapped at BREAK.


In the Bet-Resh-Koof of other lightning words, the R has shifted liquids to L, witness Swedish blixt and Dutch bliksem.    English cognates of FORK include BIFURCATION, FURCATE and FURCULUM.  The obvious FORKS include the Dutch vork or French fourchette, but a look at GRAPPLE introduces other forks that are either forms of splayed PRK handtools or GRP grippers.  Russian vilka (fork) or Hungarian villa (fork) appear to belong with our bilabial-liquid-gutturals even though FR has double-shifted to VL.          The creature in the Bible with split or forked hooves which is nonetheless not kosher is the porcus (Latin pig, source of PORK, PORCUPINE, AARDVARK and more). Other possible sources of this animal name are at BUCKAROO and  GOPHER and depend on one’s focus on the pig’s features, meat or digging ability.

The BRANCHES of the windpipe are the BRACCHEA.  The forked windpipe is the bronkhos in Greek.  BRONCHITUS results from BRONCHIAL inflammation of the BRONCHUS. Arms are appendages that BRANCH off from the body. All BRC arm words, like BRACELET, are from Greek brakion, arm.

Italian braccio (arm) may point to a lost end-guttural of the French arm, bras. If so, the BRA fits over these arms.  The AHD traces “brassiere” and “pretzel” to Greek brakhion (upper arm as shorter than the forearm).

 Any BRACE or BRACKET is part of the bilabial-liquid-guttural family of forked and broken or broken-line things seen at BREAK. BRK words in flaura and fauna, like BRAKY (thorny)  and BRANCHIATE (with gills) , are realated BRANCHES.  BREECHES (trousers) are forked or broken into branches.  See BREECHES for more words from our bilabial-liquid-guttural FORK subfamily of BREAK.  Other braches at BRIGADE.

The פרק PRG or bilabial-liquid-guttural of BRANCHING could be behind ASPARAGUS (with its prominent branches rather than leaves) or the SPRIG, a small twig or shoot of a plant .  Both ASPARAGAS and SPRIG have no IE “root.”  There is a     פרג PaRahG means to sprout, germinate (B-Y), but it is Post-Biblical-Hebrew. If the P rather than the S of SPRIG is unhistoric, there's שריג S a ReeYG (shoot, small branch - Genesis40:10). But the bilabial-liquid-guttural theme of this entry also speaks to VIRGATE means having many twigs. Latin virga (twig) gave English words like  VIRGIN, VIRGO, VIRGULATE and VIRGULE (small rod). Latin virgo means a young girl or maiden, just as a young boy is  botanically described as a "sprout" or a "stripling. " There are other pathways to VIRGIN, besides the botanical   approaches here, and other PRG “buds” like the פרח PeRaK[H] (flower, bud, blossom - Numbers 17:23  – see  FRUCTIFY.   Other avenues to VIRGIN are at entries like  BACHELOR, BIG, BARON  (which addresses the VIRAGO, a domineering woman)  and the purity of  "BORAX."

פרק PeReQ  undergoes an M132, S-L to give Araona (Bolivian jungle) pacala, fork in a tree, river, or path.

The Igbo (Nigeria) 'Ikpele is an elbow (used in knee as well); it is a “joint” word, an M312 from פרק PeReQ.

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