Origin of English word GALL

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English Word

GALL

Edenic Word

Ga’[A]hL

Hebrew Word

געל

Transliteration

Gimel-Ayin-Lamed

Pronounciation

GAW-UL

Conversion

[GUL]

Roots

Greek chole (bile) is cited for GALL and CHOLERA.

חלה [K]HaLaH is to be ill (11 Chronicles16:12).    חולירע  K[H]OALeeYR[A]  (cholera) is Modern Hebrew, and should be a later t erm than CHOLERA.    But   רע   חלי    K[H]oaLeeY  R[A] means "bad illness,"  and may well have been a borrowing from Medieval Jewish doctors.  All these ILL terms are at HEALTH.

  The given Indo-European “root” of GALL is ghel (to shine), recalling terms like   הלל   HaLahL (to shine) and  גחל      Ga[K]HaL (glowing coal – see COAL.).  The opposite of  ג-ל   Gimel-Lamed  bitter rancor is  the   ג-ל   Gimel-Lamed glee at GLEE.     One might also consider the         ל-ג Lamed-Gimel of  laughter – see LAUGH. 

The bitterness of the GALBANUM entry might be relevant here, but the bitterness of spirit of GALL matches   געל Ga’[A]L (to loathe, abhor - Leviticus26:43).  A liquid shift summons   גער       Ga’[A]hR (rebuke – Psalms 9:6).  Aside from rancor, the bitter fluid stored in the GALL bladder evokes   געל    Goa’[A]hL (nausea).   


Branches

ACHOLIA, CHOLE- and MELANCHOLY are sensible cognates.

A second GALL (a skin sore) infers vexation, like Ga[A]hL, rather than "shining."

The third GALL in our dictionary refers to a tumor or spherical growth. This GALL is probably from GahL (wave, pile).   See HEALTH.


Related Words

LAUGH



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