Origin of English word GARDEN

Bookmark and Share

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









The invented Indo-European “root” of GARDEN is gher- 1 (to grasp, enclose ). As usual, they have confused sound and sense with other actual Edenic roots – see COURT and GIRDLE. 

גדר GeDeR is a fence,  a protective GRID or GRATE, and a GARDEN is a fenced off,   protected plot of land for horticulture – Numbers 22:24.  In the storied homeland of our homo sapiens sapiens ancestors,  Adam and Eve were not actuallyin an etymolocally true garden, GUARDED by barriers as a GATED community.   גן עדן   Gahn Eden (the “garden” of Eden) had no גדר   GeDeR (gate) – while it was a protected area as a  גן GahN, garden – see JANUARY.  In Talmudic law, one is a responsible  GUARD or watchman if one has a proper fence or stockade around animals. 


There are 100 GARDEN words in a good dictionary.   A GARTH is a weir for catching fish (a GRID or GATE) or an enclosed garden.  It is from Old Norse gardhr, a yard, court or garden.   Again, GR+dental is not about growing plants or closing things – but about protecting behind a barrier. The GARRET and GARRISON are also from sources that mean protection.

  The grad  in Slavic placenames like LENNINGRAD means city. This is because the earliest settlements in  Eastern Europe were not hilltop fortresses (see BARRIO), but settlements protected by a stockade (or גדר GeDeR) made from the abundant native timber.  French  and Spanish jardin (garden) is a cognate of GUARD, because defence against two or four-legged varmints is the common concern of both guarding and gardening. See other GRIDS, like a cooking GRILL, at CRATE.

The Merriam Webster Geographical Dictionary writes that the city of Cadiz, the “GATE” or port city on the south coast of Spain,  was once called "Gadir,"  later  becoming "Gades."  ( James D. Long )  The name Gadir is from the Arabic form of  גדר GeDeR (gate), linking Cadiz to a city with a name like Stalingrad.

A protective stockade forms a GUARDING GRID or GATE.  GRID is given the ficticious Indo-European “root” kert (to turn, entwine), as if GRID were a cognate of CRATE. No Indo-European “root” was available for GATE. The Italian GHETTO fenced people out too.  A Japanese gate is a kado, see GeDeR as a verb or corraling at GATHER.   Like GeDeR (fence) is the word for the river’s edge or bank: GaDaH. Aramaic GooDaH means wall.  Reverse to diga for an Italian dike or dam.

KINDERGARTEN  is a garden for raising kids – see KINDERGARTEN.

Related Words


Leave a Comment

Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.


 *Email (will not be published)

 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)