Origin of English word GOAT

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[GD → GT]


The original D in GOAT is restored in the IE “root” ghaido (goat).   גדי   GiDeeY is the KID of goats in Genesis38:17;   עתוד GHaTOOD is a male goat in Genesis31:10.   גדוד GiDOOD is a troop, so this Gimel-Dalet creature is the typical herd animal. More    גד GD  and guttural-dental togetherness at GOOD, GATHER and HERD.


History's scapegoat or גדיא   GahDYAh  (goat in Aramaic) is sung about at the Passover seder. The Arabic goat is a gidye, like the Danish ged. The Estonian goat is a kitse. Kudu is an antelope in Hottentot.

German Ziege seems unrelated to koza (goat in Slavic - similar to goat words in Turkish, Hungarian and Modern Greek), but ZG is merely the reverse of עז GHaiZ  ( goat - Genesis38:17).  The Paschal sacrifice is not just a “lamb” (Exodus 12:3), but either the young of sheep or of goats – עזים GHeeZ eeYM – Exodus 12:5).

AEGIS and perhaps GIDDY are also grandkids of these Hebrew etymons. Reverse Gimel-Dalet / GD to get digh (she-goat), the Indo-European root of TYKE. Informally, a TYKE is a KID (small child) - yet another example of reversing words (TK → K-D/T). The root digh (she-goat) probably gave German Tochter and English DAUGH(TER). Indonesian gadis is a girl.

A CHAMOIS is a goat antelope. It is from Old High German gamz. The Edenic Ayin-Zayin / GH-Z, need only be nasalized (extra M).  More KIDS are at GOOD, KINDERGARTEN, KIT and KITTEN.

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