Origin of English word GRAVEN

Bookmark and Share

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









For the adjective, the heavy, serious GRAVE, from Latin gravis (weighty),


Old English grafan (to bury) is traced to Indo-European “root” grebh (to dig, bury, scratch).

גרב GaRa[V] is a Biblical root of scratching, related to גרב GaRaBH (scurf  – see  SCURVY) andGaRaD (to scratch - Job2:8  – see  GRADE).  Just Gimel-Bhet appears in גוב GOOBH (to dig  -- II Kings 25:12). An alternative Hebrew connection requires  an M132 or a #2-#3 letter switch, and a guttural shift from Kooof/Q–to-G,  as  קבר Qa[V]ahR is to bury (Genesis 23:6) and     קבר Qe[V]eR is a grave (Genesis 50;5) . See the scratching and digging above.  Both noun and verb appear in Genesis23:6.   A metathesis of guttural-liquid-bilabial  is K[H]aPHaR (to dig – see GOPHER.)

קבר QeBHeR =  Grave.    1) The first sub-root is ק-ב    Koof-Bhet, and the  2) second is ב-ר   Bhet-Resh.

1) Occurs in CAVities and VACuums like קבה QaiBHaH (stomach), נקב NeQeBH (indentation),   נקבה   NiQaiVaH (female) and  יקב YeQeBH (a wine cellar). (See “CAVATY”)

2) Is found in בור BOAR, a pit, like the English noun and verb BORE. (See BORE.)

A   קבר QeBHeR (grave) , then, is that which is hollowed out in the size of a pit.


Cognates of GRAVE (the pit for burial) include ENGRAVE, GRABEN, GRAVURE, GREAVES, GROOVE, and GRUB. There is less digging when ENGRAVING – see CARVE.

To scratch in Czech is   shkrabat.     Spanish c avar is to dig.  In the  קבר   Qe[V]eR (grave) there is   רקב   RaQa[V] (decay – Hosea 5:12). [Mark Feffer]   More at   CAVITY, CRAB and GOPHER.   German Grube is a pit or mine.

Leave a Comment

Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.


 *Email (will not be published)

 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)