Origin of English word GREAT

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The word GREAT is addressed in the entry: GRAND

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[GDL → GDR →GR(+N)D]


large, great, elevated, exalted


There is no so-called Indo-European “root” for GRAND.  Latin grandis means full grown or large. גדול GaDoWL means large or great (Genesis 1:16). In legal terms it means one who has attained majority. Following the diagram above  to get GRAND, Gimel-Dalet-Lamed shifts liquid to GDR. It is then metathesized and nasalized to GRD.   Just as גדל GoaDeL is greatness, magnitude (Numbers 14:19) or the degree of size, Spanish grandor means size.   


The Latin was nasalized (extra N), because Dutch groot (large) and English GREAT are also guttural-liquid-dental terms with no extra N.

 There is an Indo-European “root” of GREAT, but ghreu  (to rub, grind) is of dubious value.   Both GRAND and GREAT require shifting the liquids and a metathesis of root consonants #2 and #3. For GREAT, one also shifts dentals from Dalet (D) to T.  Most of the links here are far simpler, but it’s a long way back to Genesis.

Words with meanings like “large” seem objective and quantitative, but they have undergone subjective changes in (sound and) semantics due to cultural influences since the Tower of Babel – see BIG and “BOLSHEVIC.”

 In these last two cases, agriculturally ripe and mature has come to mean large.  Even in nearby Arabic, kabir is large  -- even though Edenic GiBOAR means strong and mighty. This reflects a culture where might may loom larger than maturity.

 Asian languages are likely to drop the final liquid. In Japanese, kyodai (na) is huge, while another guttural-dental, ogata (no), means large. Reverse to taka (it is large) in Dakota Indian.

The predicted Edeic sources of a word meaning “large” should include  GaDol (above), BaSHahL (ripe, mature fruit – see BOLSHEVIK) , RahM (exalted – see RAM) and BoGaR (to grow up – see BIG.)

That which is prominently large (GaDoWL) is a MiGDaL (watch-tower or turret – Genesis 1:4).  Mary MAGDALENE is Ms. Tower. A Spanish tonsil is an amigdalla.

Lugal-zage-si   1/16/2016 2:35:00 AM
What about LUGAL ? It means "man, big" in Sumerian and was used to define the king. To me, it sounds a bit like GADOL.

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