Origin of English word GROOVE

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The word GROOVE is addressed in the entry: GRAVEN

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









For the adjective, the heavy, serious GRAVE, from Latin gravis (weighty),


Old English grafan (to bury) is traced to Indo-European “root” grebh (to dig, bury, scratch).

גרב GaRa[V] is a Biblical root of scratching, related to גרב GaRaBH (scurf  – see  SCURVY) andGaRaD (to scratch - Job2:8  – see  GRADE).  Just Gimel-Bhet appears in גוב GOOBH (to dig  -- II Kings 25:12). An alternative Hebrew connection requires  an M132 or a #2-#3 letter switch, and a guttural shift from Kooof/Q–to-G,  as  קבר Qa[V]ahR is to bury (Genesis 23:6) and     קבר Qe[V]eR is a grave (Genesis 50;5) . See the scratching and digging above.  Both noun and verb appear in Genesis23:6.   A metathesis of guttural-liquid-bilabial  is K[H]aPHaR (to dig – see GOPHER.)

קבר QeBHeR =  Grave.    1) The first sub-root is ק-ב    Koof-Bhet, and the  2) second is ב-ר   Bhet-Resh.

1) Occurs in CAVities and VACuums like קבה QaiBHaH (stomach), נקב NeQeBH (indentation),   נקבה   NiQaiVaH (female) and  יקב YeQeBH (a wine cellar). (See “CAVATY”)

2) Is found in בור BOAR, a pit, like the English noun and verb BORE. (See BORE.)

A   קבר QeBHeR (grave) , then, is that which is hollowed out in the size of a pit.


Cognates of GRAVE (the pit for burial) include ENGRAVE, GRABEN, GRAVURE, GREAVES, GROOVE, and GRUB. There is less digging when ENGRAVING – see CARVE.

To scratch in Czech is   shkrabat.     Spanish c avar is to dig.  In the  קבר   Qe[V]eR (grave) there is   רקב   RaQa[V] (decay – Hosea 5:12). [Mark Feffer]   More at   CAVITY, CRAB and GOPHER.   German Grube is a pit or mine.

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