Origin of English word GRUFF

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The word GRUFF is addressed in the entry: CARP

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[K(H)-R- P(H)]


reproach, taunt, shame, outrage, abuse


To talk in a CRABBY, complaining, accusatory and fault-finding way is the CARP intended here. The dictionary suggests Latin carpere (to pluck) as a possible etymon; see GRAPPLE.

חרף K[H]aRaPH Is translated "reproach" in Psalms69:10, and "to taunt" in Isaiah37:23.


K[H]aReF means sharp-tasting as well as reviling ,(see HIBERNATE, PICRIC ACID,” and REPROACH). ACERBATE and EXACERBATE mean to make sour or bitter, and to irritate or vex. (Latin acerbus is bitter, harsh, and sour.) GRUFF (harsh) is thought to come from a fabricated Indo-European “root” kreup (scab; encrusted).

The CARP fish, from Slavic words meaning rough and scabby, could be a cognate of CARAPACE, and ultimately from words like QLeePaH (shell, rind) and Aramaic QaLPeeYN (fish scales).

The many CARP words from Greek karpos (fruit) may have something to do with QLeePaH as shell, rind or peel. Terms like CARPOLOGY take in hard, covered seeds as well as many peel or rind-covered fruit.

CARP backwards recalls Hebrew terms meaning to shell,  Pey-Resh-Koof/P-R-Q and to bud, blossom and flower, Pey-Resh-Het/ P-R-K[H]).

Speaking of backward synonyms, Latin carpere (like its definition "to pluck") is also a guttural (C.K) - liquid (l,r) - bilabial (p,b) term.

Carpere is the etymon for CARPET,unless you prefer a "covering" term like QLeeYPaH.   

See "BARK," CALIBER, CAROB (encased in a pod), CRAB (encased in a shell) and SCALP.

Bible Verses

Psalms 69:11 ואבכה בצום נפשׁי ותהי לחרפות לי׃

“And I wept with my soul fasting, and that became unto me a reproach.” (Alternative versions: Psalms 69:10)

Isaiah 37:23 את־מי חרפת וגדפת ועל־מי הרימותה קול ותשׂא מרום עיניך אל־קדושׁ ישׂראל׃

“Whom hast thou taunted and blasphemed? And against whom hast thou exalted thy voice? Yea, thou hast lifted up thine eyes on high, even against the Holy One of Israel!”



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