Origin of English word GUERRILLA

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









A GUERILLA is an irregular soldier (or a terrorist whose cause a news editor espouses). Guerra is skirmishing warfare in Spanish, Italian and Portuguese; the French spell it guerre.

  גר GahR is to quarrel, as in Deuteronomy2:9 - "neither contend with them in battle." An extension of   גרה GahRaH ("strive" - Jeremiah50:24) is   תגרה TiGRaH (strife, contention, conflict). The Gimel-Resh or G-R of strangers and migrants – see MIGRATE – was often behind wars.   הרג HeReG, killing,  shares the Gimel-Resh-Hey of our etymon.  Related   הר Het-Resh or guttural-liquid war words at HARROW and HARRY.


Gutturals plus R make an aggressive sound.Like-sounding relatives of גרה GaRaH (to provoke) include   חרחור K[H]eeRK[H]OOR (quarreling), חרחר  K[H]eeRK[H]aiR (to provoke strife); NeeKH]aRaH (to contend - Isaiah41:11), (HeT)KHaRaH (to compete, rival),   קרב Q’RaBH (battle - Psalms144:1),   חרב K[H]eReBH (sword, destruction – see HARPOON) and חרום  K[H]aROOM (state of war).

One still hears the guttural-liquid sound of war in   חיל K[H]aYiL (army) and reversing guttural-liquid bears  לחם LoaK[H]a M (to wage war).

The sound of K[H]eReBH (sword; a figurative term for "war" - Genesis31:27) rattles above the words for "war" in Arabic and Turkish harb, as well as Hungarian haboru (switch B and R).

The AHD attempts to link "guerrilla" with WAR, LIVERWURST, WORSE, WORST and WURST at the Indo-European “root” wers (to confuse, mix up). This confusion is a metathesis of [A]iROO[V] (mixture, confusion - RV → WR and harks back to theBaLaL (mix, confuse - BL → WR) back in Genesis11:9. See RIVALRY.

There are two paths to the etymology of QUARREL. First, there are the Hebrew etymons in this entry. Second, there is the given Indo-European “root” kwes (to pant, wheeze). Similarly, either GahRaH (reversed, with a harsher guttural) or HeReG might be behind German Kreig (war), that gave English BLITZKREIG (see “GRAVE”). The Scandinavian languages all use krig, but Dutch war, oorlog, suggests a similar etymon as Kreig -- where the guttural has softened to a vowel.

The root doctors didn't completely miss out on a GR or KR term for "war." Indo-European koro means war, war-band, host and army.  [K]HaYiL (KL → KR) meanshost and army as well; appearing alongside GahRaH in Daniel11:25.

The words traced to Indo-European koro include HARANGUE, HARBINGER, HARBOR, HARRY, HERALD, and HERIOT. Old English here is "army." Germanic hild (battle, war) gave us BRUNHILD, HILDA, HILDEBRAND and HILDEGARDE. (Hilda is nowhere linked to [K]HOOLDaH the prophetess of IIChronicles34:22).

More H-R violence at HARASS.

That bellicose ape, the GORILLA (a West African term), is possibly allied to the fighting GUERRILLA – see “GUERILLA”.  More likely, GORILLA was influenced by the ultimate source of CHURL (a rude, rustic or ill-bred man),  Britonic girlopp (lout), CARL and its Indo-European “root” karlaz (man). These terms all probably evolved from [A]RaiL or GHoRaiL. In Leviticus19:23  GH-R-L infers that which is unripe, unsuitable and thus uncouth. By Samuel17:27 the term is negative and condescending, referring to a Philistine as "uncircumcised" (thus unfinished, uncultivated and brutish). The word denotes stupidity inJeremiah9:25.

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