Origin of English word HAS

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[AHZ → HS]


There is no Indo-European “root” for HAS.  Fitting no regular pattern, it is nonetheless discounted as a grammatical form of HAVE.  The Indo-European “root” of HAVE is kap (to grasp).   The AHD lists terms meaning to have or hold, but these belong in entries like CUFF and PUGNACIOUS. 

אחז A[K]HaZ means "taken hold" in Exodus 15:14, and is defined as grasp, handle and hold. Six Semitic languages have a form meaning to seize. אחזה  A[K]HooZaH is property, possession, estate (Genesis 47:11) – in other words “holdings.”


A[K]HaZ is a verb often appearing with the hand -- (Exodus 4:4). In Hungarian, the grasping “hand’ is kez. In related Finnish it is kasi. Both the Chinese hand, shou, and the Basque hand, eskua, may be holding this Edenic etymon with a reversal or metathesis. Shou means both hand and hold. The Xinhua dictionary (p.841) also cites the word, zhi (to hold, grasp). These Chinese reversals of A[K]HaZ help establish the association of the hand with the action of having,  holding  and accepting. I n Cantonese (Hong Kong)  sau is hand.   Beyond China, the reversed   ח Het of אחז     A K[H]aZ is more pronounced. The Hungarian hand is kez, and the Finnish is kasi.

In Japanese akushu is a   handshake, mildly shifting our fricative from Z to SH. This matches the “grasping” KZ; as for the real estate holdings, Japanese has a reversal in azukaru (receive in trust, place in custody) .  See IS. For another “seize, take” Indo-European “root” from A[K]HaZ, see APPREHENSION. 

See HAVE at HAVEN  and holding at SIEGFRIED.

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