Origin of English word HEPTA-

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The word HEPTA- is addressed in the entry: SEVEN

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word











One can accept the Indo-European “root” septm (seven) as the source of Old English seofan and our SEVEN, or one can trust the Biblical SEVEN or SHe[V][A]NaH ("seven" - Job42:13). The prevalent "seven" is the shorter S(H)e[V][A]h or שבע SHeBH[A]h - as in the city of BEER-SHEBA ("seven wells"). Unlike Dutch zeven or Danish syv, German sieben prefers the harder B of Arabic sabaa and Swahili saba - (all words for #7).


SHa[V]OO[A]h is a 7-day week or heptad, and  SHaBaT means SABBATH or week - cycles which always  SHaBH (return). The week is a radical, Biblical concept that does not correspond to cycles of the moon or sun. It is therefore possible that the Biblical  S(H)aBaT (Sabbath or week) influenced the French sept, Latin septem, and Sanskrit sapta (all sevens). A theory that carries weekends and S-BH seven words along cultural or trading routes may not suffice to explain why zazpi is seven in Basque, why shuu (V shifts to U) is "week" in Japanese, why vitu (reverse; S-T) is seven in Fijian or why "week" is sahp-dahin Thai. 

The number seven, too, has a meaning in the meaningful universe of Hebrew. Sa(V)[A]h  means plenty, abundance, as the number so often signifies in Scripture. More at SUFFICE and SWASTIKA. Cognates of SEVEN include SEPTEMBER, SEPTENNIAL, SEPTET, SEPTI-, SEPTUAGINT, SEPTUPLE and SEPTENTRION. The AHD also lists HEBDOMAD, HEPTA- and HEPTAD from Greek hepta (seven). The initial S was dropped, but at the Greek at least retained the H of the Edenic SHaBaT.The Maya seven, washak, is an M 213 of     שבע SHe[V]GHah (7).

The Sanskrit  seven (sapta) has kept SHaBaT, and the Indo-European “root” reflects this – see SEPTEMBER. 

The septm IE “root” suggests that Russian has dropped a P and a T in their syem (seven). Hebrew S(H)E(V)[A]NaH could allow for the Russians merely sliding a V over to a Y. Swedish "seven" is similarly pared down to sju. The Afrikaans seven, sewe, retains the Bhet.

 WEEK should derive from  שבוע   SHe(V)OOGHah. An obvious SEVEN word.  Not obvious is the Shin dropping, and the Ayin/GH being pronounced  as a guttural. German Woche (week) is less harsh back in Old High German wehha. Words for week include the Dutch week, Norwegian uke, Finnish viikko, Yiddish voch and Indonesian peka(n). The Indo-European “root” for WEEK is weik- (to bend, wind) which may be an inversion of KaPHaH (to invert) or QaPHaL (to fold, roll up). The French semaine, Spanish and Portuguese samana and Hungarian hetare terms for WEEK that add up to eight with inclusive counting.  SHiMoaNaH means "eight," while Het is the number 8 (8th Edenic letter/number). African culture does not value dividing time into numbers like seven (or eight). The Swahili week is juma, echoing the Hebrew  YOAM (day period of time, EON – see   AGONY). Rumanian saptamina (week) may demonstrate where the French and Spanish WEEK terms came from. In either case, the Rumanian should be a combined term of sept (seven)  and a form of YaMiM (days – see   EON).

Six is SHaiSH, like SahS is to rejoice; seven is the number of satiety – as SoaBH[A]h is sated (Deuteronomy 31:20).


Bible Verses

Job 42:13 ויהי־לו שׁבענה בנים ושׁלושׁ בנות׃

“He had also seven sons and three daughters.”



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