Origin of English word HYPER-

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The word HYPER- is addressed in the entry: GIBBON

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









There is no Indo-European “root” for Gibbon.  But it should be a cognate of  the English and Edenic guttural-bilabials at “KIPHOS.”  From French, the Gibbon is a slender ape with a large, bushy brow. GaBeeYN (eyebrow) is an extension of the Biblical eyebrow  גבה GaBaH in Leviticus14:9.  GIBBOUS means humpbacked;   גבן   GeeBai(N) is the hunchback  of Leviticus21:10.  Latin gibbus or gibba is a hump, giving rise to words like GIBBOSE and GIBOSITY (a rounded swelling, a protuberance.) גבב  GaBHahBH is to heap up and גבנון   GaBHNOON is a rounded peak of a mountain or etc. The common denominator connecting eyebrows with hunchbacks or the GIBBOUS (crescent) moon is convexity.

Both    גב   GahBH (back—Psalms 129:3, mound) and   גו GaiV mean back (of the body, as in  I Kings 14:9 ... referring to “something curved” – EDK).  Read these sound-alike bilabial-gutturals backwards to get BACK.  BACK has no Indo-European “root.”   T he closest IE   base is *bhogo  ( bending).  The  Old Frisian was bek,    More on BACK at RUCKSACK.   

   גבה   GaBHaH or  גבה   GaBHoa’aH  is to be high, tall or haughty. גבע  GeBH[A]h  or  גבעה GiBH[A]H is a hill ( Joshua 18:28) .   מגבע MiGB[A]h is a priestly high hat.  The Gimel-Bhet sub-root is a GOB of plaster at GYPSUM and is reversed for CONVEX below (S-B, S-G). A  גב Gimel-Bet built-in opposite of this height is  גב GaiBH (pit, cistern, well – Jeremiah 14:3).  

Another guttural-bilabial, עקב   [A]QahBH is translated “high, hill-shaped” by Harkavy.


For Ayin-Phey as guttural-bilabial in another word for heap, pile or swelling –see PILES.

Curled milk forms a  גבנון GaBHNoaN (rounded peak), so GiBHeeYNaH is curd or cheese (Job 10:10).  Similar in  most Semitic tongues ; gibna is the Arabic.

 The GaiBH of I Kings 6:9 are architectural backing for a structure, rather than an anatomical back. A GABLE is a likely relative, as is the OGIVE (pointed arch, OGEE, ojiva in Spanish). Gabal is a mountain in Arabic;  close to GeBH[A]h, the Hebrew. Hill. Dutch dialect kovel (rounded hill) is linked to COBBLE. This fits the rounded COBBLESTONE, and cob as a lump in Middle English, but not the COBBLER.  It is thought that the cobbler “lumps together” materials in making or mending shoes. It works for paving stones, not the skills of shoemaking, so Het-Bet-Resh or K[H]aBeR (uniting – see ALGEBRA) may be behind COBBLING together ( Barrie K. Davis).

The guttural-bilabial of the Igbo (Nigeria) hill, ugwu, should be another גבעה Gi(V)[A]H, height.

GaBHoaH (Esther 7:9) or GOABHaH is height in Edenic; gou is high in Cantonese (Hong Kong).

With a Vav or Bhet, גב GahV or GahBH is a back or hub - the possible source of HUB (G can become the softer guttural  H).

Reverse  the guttural-bilabial for Woge, the German wave or billow.( S-G , S-B). Also   effect the same shifts as one reverse s to puuk for hill in Maya; kow is a hill in Thai. The Basque eyebrow is bekaina - (swap the B and K). HEAP, HOOP, HYPER- and HYPSO- (high) all fit here, further documenting the G → H change common in Indo-European “root”s and in Germanic-Slavic cognates. (Hitler is called Gitler in Russia.)  The Polish heap is a kupa.  Similar to HEAP,  גב Gimel-Bet gave German heben, lift or raise, which gave English HEAVE.

Thus, (EP)HEBUS ("at early manhood" in Greek) is derived from GahBHROOS (adulthood, manhood); GiMGaiM means to HEM (and haw); and GahL is a HILL.

KeePayah[K]H also means tall or high; HIGH and HIVE are cognates at the Indo-European “root” keu (to bend). QaPHaPH is to bend or curve. Reverse KP for piko (bent, arched) in Proto-Polynesian.

Getting back to GaBH, the Edenic back,  kiw or kiu is also "back" in Maidu (California Indians).  Cowi is back among the Lakota indians. BACK and BOUGH (from bogor shoulder in Scandinavian) are reversals of GB or KB.    גבנוני   GaBHNOONeeY means convex for all the Gimel-Bhet reasons above, from the curved eyebrow to גבע   GeBH[A]h (hill).   The guttural-bilabial sub-root of CONVEXITY appears reversed in both Latin convexus, and German Bogen, bow,bend, curve. The German elbow is an Ellbogen. Old Norse elnboga is the source of ELBOW.

Another GB reversal is BAGEL, from German biegen (to bend). BAGGY means swelled up, so it too relates back to GIBBOUS. For more guttural-bilabial  terms of hunched over things see KYPHOS.

Monkeys like the GIBBON are hunched over, unlike erect Man.

For a more direct monkey term for GIBBON, there's always QOAPH (ape - I Kings10:22). If COWHAGE is officially from Sanskrit kapi (monkey), then QOAPH can be the source of kapi, COWHAGE, GIBBON and APE. Conceded to be from an unknown, non-IE loan word, APE (see APE)  is from Sanskrit kapi and Hebrew KOPH just as "amorous" is related to Sanskrit kama (desire, love) and Hebrew KH-M terms  – see  AMITY.

Other English A from Edenic Koof/ Q words include AESTAS from  QaYiTS (summer), AM from QaYaM (to exist) and ATROCIOUS from Latin ater (black) and Edenic QayDahR (dark – I Kings 18:45 – see DARK). Other words from the Latin black are ATRIUM, ATRIMENTAL and ATRRAMENTOUS.

GayBH (pit) is an antonym of terms like GaBH(NOONeeY) or CONVEX  – see  "CUR."  Hawaiian kewe means CONVEX or CONCAVE. The nasalized term for convex or humpbacked in Arabib is janif.

For B/V-G/K antonyms see VACATE.

Reverse גב Gimel-Bhet at BIG. 

Same sound, different spelling is     גו GaiV and גו  GahV, the back (I Kings 14:9) , but also the interior of the body (Daniel 3:26).   Reversing this bilabial-guttural rings up the German Buckel (hunchback) and the English BUCKLE.   The AHD places BUCKLE with dozens of nirrelevant words at the Indo-European “root” beu-1 (to swell).

 See HIP and KYPHOS.

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