Origin of English word IRE

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[ HR]


IRE (anger) is from Latin ira (wrath). The given Indo-European “root” is eis- 1 (root for words denoting passion).

  חרה [K]HaRaH is to be angry (Genesis4:6; Deuteronomy29:23).    It usually means the kind of anger than enflames one’s nostrils.  The same Hebrew term means to burn or kindle  – see  CHAR.  SCORCHING cooking pots or kettles make them    שחר S(H)aK[H]oaR  ("black"  -- Leviticus13:31).  This extension of   ח-ר Het-Resh is at OBSCURE.

ח-ר   Het-Resh “heated” + Resh-Bhet “contention” (see RIFT) =    חרב Het-Resh-Bhet (war – see WAR).


Another fire-fury, burning mad connection is seen with  RaTa[K]H (to boil),  RT[K]HaH (anger - Aramaic) and  RaT[K]HaN or RaS[K]HaN (IRASCIBLE).  The Tahf/T can be read  as Sahf/S.  Here is an RSK etymon for IRASCIBILITY, also traced to Indo-European eis.

IRATE, though, should belong with IREand terms like [K]HaRaH (burning anger).

An extension, [K]HaROAN (wrath - Nehemiah13:18), should be behind the Indo-European “root” ghrem (angry). This root is the source for GRIM, GRIMACE, GRUMBLE and POGROM.   ארה AhRaH  means curse (imperative -- Numbers23:7). Jaru is furious in Old Slavic. Hyr means warmth in Old Swedish. In Japanese ikari is anger and okoru is getting angry  Haragos, angry in Hungarian, is probably not from [K]HaRaH but RoGaiZ (agitated, source of RAGE – see RAGE).  Hungarian “anger” is haragos.  Spanish airado is angry, and ira is angry -- like IRE.   Italian “anger” is a irato (like IRATE); Portuguese “anger” is rado (like ReTa[K]H ).  GOR hot words in Polish include: goracy (hot), goraco (hotly), goraczka (fever),   gorcyczyca (mustard),gore (fire), gorliwie (fervently) and gorzec (burn).    The Czech “hot” takes the softer Het: horky. Horeicho is hot in Ukrainian.   More on the alleged Indo-European “root” at HIEROGLYPHICS.      In the Igbo language of Nigeria, iwe means anger.  It goes with “hot anger,” as does אף AhF ,  anger (literally: nostril) a S-B from iwe , and not far from IRE. In  Exodus 32:11 the angry,  “burning nostril” puts Het-Resh beside Aleph-Phey.

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