Origin of English word KERF

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The word KERF is addressed in the entry: CARVE


English Word

CARVE

Edenic Word

K[H]eRe[V]

Hebrew Word

חרב

Transliteration

Het-Resh-Bhet

Pronounciation

KHER-ev

Conversion

[KH-R-BH]

Roots

The Indo-European “root” given here is gerebh (to scratch), while German kerben is to notch. To CARVE is more than scratching, so consider חרב     K[H]eRe(V) (sword, blade, plow - Genesis3:27). The knife is a CARVER, as is a GaLa(V) (barber - Ezekiel5:1—see GLABROUS).

 (The Gimel/G often  becomes a K – and looks like a reversed K. Liquid Lamed/ L often shifts liquids to R.)  גלף GaLaPH is to carve, SCULPT, and ENGRAVE. This post-biblical word is thought to be borrowed from Greek, but Greek got glyphein (to carve) from Edenic words like   גלה GaLaH (to lay bare – Leviticus 20:17), גלח GaLaK[H] ( shave – Judges 16:17) and גלב    GaLaBh (barber – Ezekiel 5:1).  קלף QaLaiPH is to skin or peel, and     מגרפה MaGRaiPHaH is a rake or SCRAPER. Other KR and GR roots are seen at "CARD;" the  חלף K[H]aLaF (knife) is at CLEAVER.  Metathesize  CARVE to get חפר  K[H]aPHaR (to dig – Genesis 21:30; see GOPHER].


Branches

CLAW (chele in Greek), CLEAVE, ENGRAVE, GLABROUS, GLYPH, GRAPH, -GRAPH, GRAVE (to carve), HARPOON, HARROW, KERF, SCRAWL, SCRIBE, SCRIBBLE, SCRIPT, SCRIPTURE, SCRIVENER, SCROBICULATE, SCRUB, and,  S CULPT andSCULPTURE should all be cut in.

The IE “root” gerebh included two from the list above. In the AHD's PARAGRAPH they did include CRAB, CRA WL, CRAYFISH, DIAGRAM, (-) GRAM, PROGRAM, TETRAGRAMMATON and others that are linked here with alternate etymons.  See GRAPHITE, where the alleged Indo-European “root” is subsequently (1985) spelled "gerbh." See  "HARROW."    German grav ieren   is  to engrave.  The German and Yiddish versions of ENSCRIBING or writing is schreiben and schrift (script).  Most European “writing” words do have the initial S before the guttural-liquid-bilabial root. There’s Spanish escribir, Italian scrivere, and Danish and Norwegian skrive. Moder n Greek writing is just gra’fo, like English GRAPHICS. French ecrire more likely dropped its initial-S, rather than coming from an Edenic guttural-liquid term like כרת KaRahT, to cut a covenant.  The standard Hebrew word for writing has the K-T of cutting and carving in stone.  In fact when כתב   KaTahBH or Ka(S)ahBH is reversed, it resembles the Polish word for writing: pisac.  A reversed guttural-dental is heard in Swahili writing: andika.

Carving wood and shaving skin is similar— see the גלב  GaLaBh barber word above. In the native Venezuelan isolate of Joti, smooth, bare skin is kulubo ( Stephen Bove) . Deeper guttural-bilbial-liquid digging at “GRAVE.”


Related Words

PICRIC ACID



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