Origin of English word LABEL

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The word LABEL is addressed in the entry: LIMP

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[R-PH → L(+M)P]


slack, weak, feeble


LIMP is currently traced to the alleged IE “root” leb- 1 ( base of loosely related derivatives meaning “hanging loosely.”   Such loose research makes LIMP a cognate of LABEL,  LABOR, LAPSE,  LOBE, SLAM, SLAP,  and SLOB.

  LAPSE is seen at SPILL, from    שפל SHaPHaL  (low) and     נפל NaPHahL (to FALL or FAIL).  It is at the “limber” entry where Webster’s  introduces Icelandic limpa, weakness.  So LIMP is not about a leg hanging loosely, but is about weakness.  Just as LAMP is a nasalized (extra M) Edenic word, an Edenic liquid+P which means ‘weak’ would be a strong etymon.

Resh-Phey-Heh fits well, as  רפה  RaPHaH means specifically “slack, weak, feeble” (Numbers 13:18 and  “to be slack from weakness” (Jeremiah 6:24).  The built-in opposite of   רפה RaPHaH is רפא RaPHAh (to heal – Genesis 0:11).  A liquid-bilabial synonym of weakness is עלף    [O]oLahPH (to faint – Isaiah 51:20).


None of the AHD’s alleged cognates make sense,  except that LIMPING and LUMBERING is BELABORED movement. Old nasalizations often retain the M or N and drop the historic bridge to Edenic. Thus LAME fits the immediate origins of LUMBERING: Swedish loma, to move heavily and Middle English lomeren, to LUMBER.

Bible Verses

Numbers 13:18 ו ראיתם את־הארץ מה־הוא ואת־העם הישׁב עליה החזק הוא הרפה המעט הוא אם־רב׃

“and see the land, what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they are strong or weak, whether they are few or many;”



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