Origin of English word LEASE

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The word LEASE is addressed in the entry: LOOSE


English Word

LOOSE

Edenic Word

[K]HaLahTS

Hebrew Word

חלץ

Transliteration

Het-Lamed-Tsadi

Pronounciation

Ha-LUTZ

Conversion

[H-L-TS → LS]

Roots

The  IE “root” of LOOSE  and LOSS is leu- 1 (to loosen, divide, cut apart) . Old English leosan is to lose.

חלץ [K]HaLahTS  is to loose a shoe off a foot (Deuteronomy 25:9, Isaiah 20:2). Similarly, although we now reverse the liquid-fricative, Moses is told to  של SHahL  (remove or loosen) his sandals  (Exodus 3:5).  Another Shin-Lamed letting go or slipping off is של ח  SHaLa[K]H – see SLOUGH.  The Shin-Lamed sub-root of loosening is also seen at the SLIP entry, as שלף SHaLaPH is the action of loosening, drawing, or sliding a sword out of a sheath (Joshua 5:13). Like של SHahL, Shin-Lamed-Phey is used for loosening or slipping out of one’s sandal – Ruth 4:7. שלל   SHaLaL, booty, is that which is loosened from victims (Joshua 22:8) and SHoLaL means stripped of or loosened of Micha 1:8 .   חלצה   [K]HaLeeTSaH also means booty.

A lessening of tension leads to שלום SHaLoM and שלוה SHaLVaH, SL peace words seen at SALVATION.  Derived from שלשל SHiLSHaiL, a letting down and lowering (as one’s guard), שלשול SHiLSHOOL means the loosening of the bowels, or diarrhea.

Shin-Lamed antonyms of loosenes include שלב SHaLaBH (bound or fit together – Exodus 26:17). The opposite of taken or loosened booty,   שלל SHaLaL,  is the possessive pronoun של   SHeL (belonging to).  

The large fricative-liquid family of both looseness and binding together is in the Word Families chapter of The Origin of Speeches and in the “Synonyms and Antonyms” document in the Edenics CD III. Even  שלום SHaLoM and   שלוה SHaLVah (see SOLEMN and SALVATION) are “peace” words because times are LOOSE, and not tight with tension.

For the built-in opposites, note these liquid-fricative and fricative-liquid words of tight restriction:

The closest to L-S is  חלץ [K]HaLahTS, to gird (also Syriac). Its built-in opposite is the identical  חלץ [K]HaLahTS , to draw off, withdraw, to loose of our heading. A second antonym, this by metathesis, is  לחץ   La[K]HahTS (pressure – Numbers 22:25).                     

צור  TSOOR is to bind up (Deuteronomy 14:25);  אסור    A$OOR is one put in fetters (Judges 16: 21); ארז   ARahZ is fimly bound, packed  (Ezekiel 27:24)  and   אזר AZahR is to bind (Jeremiah 1:17 – see RICE).       

  Shin-Lamed loose, weakness or slackness (see SLACK) is the controlling sub-root of  חשל    K[H]aSHahL,  weak, feeble (Deuteronomy 25:18)   and  נשל NaSHahL, to fall off, slip off (Deuteronomy 19:5) .  Most see this as the 3-letter source of SHahL!  (LOOSE your sandals from off your feet of Exodus 3:5). 


Branches

Listed cognates of LOOSE and LOSS include ABSOLUTE, ABSOLVE, ANALYSIS, CATALYSIS, DIALYSIS, DISSOLVE,  FORLORN, LEASING, -LESS, LOSE, LYSIS, LYSO-, -LYTLE, -LYTIC, PARALYSIS, RESOLVE, SOLUBLE, SOLUTION and  SOLVE . Notice how some words are LS, but some are reversed to SL.

Letting loose of property involves a LEASE. Letting an animal out of a pen to accompany one with a LEASH also involves a loosening, and the permission of an owner. Both LEASE and LEASH are tethered to Latin laxare, to  loosen.  Even though LAX sounds too hard for our Shin-Lamed etymons of LOOSENESS and LAXITY above, LEASE and LEASH fit the authoritative loosening of RiSHOOT (permission).  LASSITUDE is a listless weakness, from Latin lassitude. The muscles have loosened with torpor.

In Farsi/Persian loose is shol.  In Spanish laso is weak or limp, and lasitud is lassitude   The similar opposite of unwilling fricative-liquid LOOSENESS, is liquid-fricative willful letting lose.  Resh-Shin allowance is recorded in RiSHYOAN (leave, permission – Ezra 3:7). RaSHaH, to have leave, is the older word, and has an R-SH Aramaic cognate.   In Japanese yurushi  means permission, while  yurusu is a verb of  permitting or allowing. More Resh-Shin loosness at ILLICIT.

For Indo-European languages favoring liquid-fricative or fricative-liquid,  see SOLVE.

The IE “root” of LOOSE  was listed as  leu- 1 (to loosen) .  As seen above, one of the aledged cognates is  LEASE.  נשה   NaSaH is “to remove” (Harkavy). The same נשה NaSaH means to lent on usury (for interest – Deuteronomy 24:10 and Jeremiah  15:10.   The  Noon-to-L shift, see Appendix B, is rarely brought up, but the LOOSE-LEASE connection warrants it.


Related Words

STRAIT



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