Origin of English word LENGTHY

Bookmark and Share

The word LENGTHY is addressed in the entry: REACH

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









Anglo-Saxon raecan (to stretch out, reach) is thought to come from a fabricated Indo-European “root” reig (to reach, stretch out) where it is cognate with RIGID and RIGOR.

רקע ReeQ[A]h is to stretch or spread (Isaiah42:5);  ארך OhReKH means length (Genesis6:15), matching the #3 definition of REACH: "the distance or extent covered in stretching."   See “RACK.”  The Edenic RK family reaches further:  ארכו [E]eRKHOO means "range (yourselves)" in Jeremiah50:14;  ARaK[H] is to travel. רחק Ro[K]HaQ (distance) is later Hebrew, but the ר-ח-ק   Resh-Het-Koof root of being far appears as early as Genesis 37:18.   רחב RoaK[H]aBH means breadth, the  RK antonym of length.   האריך  He’EReeYKH is to lengthen, prolong, stretch, delay ((Isaiah 54:2).

The liquid-guttural subroot of going lengths is seen  in לך LeKH! (go!) and דרך DeReCH (way – see DIRECTION)


Because of ideological fawning over Greek dolikhos (long), the AHD gives del-1 as the Indo-European “root” of LONG.  A liquid shift of the L of LONG to an R, and LENGTH is a nasalization of OReKH (lerngth).  The many cognates of the noun and verb LONG include: ALONG, BELONG, LENGTH, LENGTHEN, LENGTHY, LONGEVITY, LONGING, LONGITUDE and maybe LANKY.  Distance  in Japanese,  kyori, inverts Ro[K]HaQ (distance).

REACH primarily means extending the hand, and the arm is the reacher. So rookah is arn in Russian, and ruka is the Serbo-Croation. Reversing to chirfor the Greek "hand" gives us CHIROPRACTOR and SURGERY. Reverse to karfor the Hungarian arm.

The Indonesian arm, lengan, is an R → L bridge to related terms like LENGTH and LONG. The N here is unhistoric (nasalization). LEG is from the Indo-European base leq (limb). RANGE is another R/L-G/K term of far reaching connotations. Lokihi is long in Proto-Eastern Polynesian; in Tibetan it is rinqu. (Z)’RoWaGH is an arm; ReG(eL) is a LEG; LaiKH is to go.

The Aleph-Resh-Het of traveling and travelors/guests is seen in various Japanese words: ryohi (traveling expenses), ryok(y)aku  (traveler), ryoken (passport), ryoko (journey), ryugaku suru (study abroad)  are from   OaRayaK[H] (traveler – Job 31:32), ORK[H]aH (traveling group, caravan –  Genesis 37:25) and AhRooK[H]aH (allowance – Proverbs 15:17).  As seen at DIRECTION, a way or path is a fine word for “fashion.” Japanese ryuko (fashion)  echos  OaRaK[H] (way, manner  -- Genesis 18:11).   Bryan Riddle in 11/07 found a closer derviative of AhRahKH, to be long, to extend. stretch. ORECTIC is a rare, not archaic word,  from Greek oregein, meaning to stretch out.  It is used for desires and apperite.

Go to RACK and DIRECTION for more long, straight terms.

We reach with the arm. Kar is arm in Hungarian, kol in Turkish; reverse guttural-liquid to better resemble our etymon, as  ruka (arm in Russsian and Serbo-Croatian

Related Words


Leave a Comment

Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.


 *Email (will not be published)

 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)