Origin of English word LICORICE

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The word LICORICE is addressed in the entry: DULCET


English Word

DULCET

Edenic Word

DeQeL

Hebrew Word

דקל

Transliteration

Dalet-Koof-Lamed

Pronounciation

DECK-el

Conversion

[DKL → DLK]

Roots

DULCET  (pleasant) music played on a  DULIMER is from Latin dulcis,sweet.

The alleged Indo-European “root” is dlk-u (sweet).

Literacy and  agriculture was developed in the Middle East, say contemporary scientists, so that words related to taste and foods are most likely from the Fertile Crescent.  The first sweetener was the date. The date palm is  דקל DeQeL,  DLK after an M132 metathesis.  דקל DeQeL does not appear in writing until the Babylonian Talmud,  but the Babylonian (now Iraq) home of the date palms named the  חדקל [K]HeeDeQeL (Tigress River) of Genesis2:14.


Branches

DELICACY is from Latin delicere (to delight - no Indo-European “root” is known). Other likely

DLK derivatives of Semitic DQL include: DELICATE, DELICATEESSEN, DELICIOUS, DELIGHT,  DULCIFY, and DULCIMER.  The AHD adds GLUCOSE, GLYCERIN and LICORICE as cognates of DULCET via Greek glukeros,sweet.   The L and K of the Greek make it possible that Edenic DeQeL is the source, but the G replacing a D is now a mystery.

DLK-from-Edenic-DKL words of “sweetness” include: Italian dolce, Rumanian and Spanish dulce.  The L was dropped in French doux and Portuguese doce. In Slavik the Edenic DKL in changed by an M313 and an added initial S to sladky (Czech), slodki (Polish), sladki (Russian) and sladak (Serbo-Croatian).  In Uto-Aztecan taka is fruit.   

Other languages spin off Edenic D’BHaSH (date honey) for “sweet” – see SWEET.


Related Words

EXULT



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