Origin of English word LIGHT (bright)

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English Word

LIGHT (bright)

Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









flaming, fiery


Stopping at Old English leoht or liht (light), we could easily trace the source of LIGHT to  להט LaHaDT ("flaming," "fiery" - Genesis3:24). With German licht (light—alo Dutch and Yiddish) and the alleged Indo-European “root” leuk (light, brightness), an etymon with a K or guttural seems better, like דלק DaLaQ ,to burn, in Hebrew, Aramaic and Syriac (DiLaQ – it burned).  A burning, feverish “inflammation” is דלקת DaLeQeT in Deuteronomy 28:22.

One gets from Dalet-Lamed-Koof to L-K-T by moving the Dalet (now a T after a dental shift) from the beginning to the end of the word.

For L-T brightness (reversed to L-T), there is צהל TSaHahL is to be bright or make bright (Psalms 104:15).


(Hi)DLeeYQ (to light, kindle) after ths same M312 methathesis resembles lecht and licht.    Aramaic D’LeeYQTAh (fire) sounds closer to licht, but  only because of the common Tahf-Aleph suffix that helps make Aramaic a degree less “Edenic” than Biblixcal Hebrew. The LK element (plus the dental) should light the way to words like LUCID and ELECTRIC. (Greek Elektra means shining one.) Ignore the Ys and N to better see why the Welsh ray of light,  llygedyn , is another scrambled Dalet-Lamed-Koof.   

It is hard to see in English, but opposites LIGHT and DARK both have a dental (D/T), liquid (L/R) and guttural (GH/K) because their Hebrew etymons are designed antonyms: Dalet-Lamed-Het and Dalet-Lamed-Koof.  See a few Semitic “dark” words at DARK.

A Noon/ N → L change might allow NoaGaH (to shine, be bright) to reinforce Indo-European “root” leuk.

The listed cognates of LIGHT include ELUCIDATE, ILLUMINATE, ILLUSTRATE, LUCIFER, LUMINARY, LUMINOUS, LUNA(TIC), LUSTER, PELLUCID and TRANSLUCENT. Ld is fire in Danish; reverse to tuli for Finnish fire. These  indicate that DaLaQ (to burn) is the etymon, rather than an invented root of light, leuk.  Besides the sense, leuk is not the right sound for LS words like LUSTRE, ILLUSTRATION and Indo-European “light” words like Spanish and Portuguese luz, Italian luce, Danish and Norwegian lys, and Swedish ljus.  Fricative-liquids are closer to a reversal of words like ZoaHaR (brightness.LUCENT--  also in Aramaic-Syriac ZiHaR, was clear, LUCID, shone), TSoaHaR  (the window for light in Noah’s ark – Genesis 6:16), Zayin-Resh, ZaiR, -I the golden (shining) edge bordering most Tabenacle furniture. The ZR in ZOROASTRIAN means shining or illuminated. Other fricative-liquid shining words include  TSaHaRaYiM (bright afternoon --  Genesis 43:16), and ZaRa[K]H (rising and shining like the sun – Psalms 104:22).  Switching to Shin-Resh, the opposite of SHa[K]HoaR (black – see SWARTHY) is SHa[K]HaR (dawn, light – Genesis 19:15).           

For the not heavy LIGHT, see ACCELERATE.

Bible Verses

Genesis 3:24 ויגרשׁ את־האדם וישׁכן מקדם לגן־עדן את־הכרבים ואת להט החרב המתהפכת לשׁמר את־דרך עץ החיים׃

“So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life.”



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