Origin of English word LUMBER

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The word LUMBER is addressed in the entry: LIMP


English Word

LIMP

Edenic Word

RaPHaH

Hebrew Word

רפה

Transliteration

Resh-Phey-Hey

Pronounciation

Rah-FUH

Conversion

[R-PH → L(+M)P]

Meaning

slack, weak, feeble

Roots

LIMP is currently traced to the alleged IE “root” leb- 1 ( base of loosely related derivatives meaning “hanging loosely.”   Such loose research makes LIMP a cognate of LABEL,  LABOR, LAPSE,  LOBE, SLAM, SLAP,  and SLOB.

  LAPSE is seen at SPILL, from    שפל SHaPHaL  (low) and     נפל NaPHahL (to FALL or FAIL).  It is at the “limber” entry where Webster’s  introduces Icelandic limpa, weakness.  So LIMP is not about a leg hanging loosely, but is about weakness.  Just as LAMP is a nasalized (extra M) Edenic word, an Edenic liquid+P which means ‘weak’ would be a strong etymon.

Resh-Phey-Heh fits well, as  רפה  RaPHaH means specifically “slack, weak, feeble” (Numbers 13:18 and  “to be slack from weakness” (Jeremiah 6:24).  The built-in opposite of   רפה RaPHaH is רפא RaPHAh (to heal – Genesis 0:11).  A liquid-bilabial synonym of weakness is עלף    [O]oLahPH (to faint – Isaiah 51:20).


Branches

None of the AHD’s alleged cognates make sense,  except that LIMPING and LUMBERING is BELABORED movement. Old nasalizations often retain the M or N and drop the historic bridge to Edenic. Thus LAME fits the immediate origins of LUMBERING: Swedish loma, to move heavily and Middle English lomeren, to LUMBER.


Bible Verses

Numbers 13:18 ו ראיתם את־הארץ מה־הוא ואת־העם הישׁב עליה החזק הוא הרפה המעט הוא אם־רב׃

“and see the land, what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they are strong or weak, whether they are few or many;”


Strong

(7504)

Related Words

SPILL



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