Origin of English word NAG

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[ NHG]


drive, conduct or lead


There is a natural connection between NAG (to urge on with constant scolding) and NAG (a saddle horse - who might need constant cajoling). Dutch negghe, source of NAG, is not linked to the questionable source of NAG - Old Norse gnaga (to bite) and the Indo-European “root” ghen (to gnaw— see GNAW).

נהג   NaHaG is to drive, conduct or lead. Moses "drives" his flock in Exodus3:1; a cart is "driven" in IChronicles13:7.  

נגש NaGaSH is to press or drive, similar in Amharic and Arabic, which may establishe an NG sound and sense beyond the accepted ה-ג Hey-Gimel root seen at  HEGEMONY.

The core root is הגה HeGeH,  a rudder, then steering wheel... that which leads and conducts.   הגאי   HaGAhY is a steersman.  Below,  getting down to just /Hey-Gimel/Gimel-Hey leads us to derivatives like GO.    More than leading the way,

  ה-ג Hey-Gimel is about “the customary way things GO.   More below.


Other possibilities for NAG the mount include the NaQaH or Na'AQaH (she-camel). To supplement NAG there are synonyms such as NaK[H]aH (to lead, guide, conduct) and  NaK[H]aTS (to press, urge ) .    מנהג MeeNHahGis thedriving of a chariot(II Kings 9:20) To drive a cart in Chinese is gan, typically reversing the Edenic  מנהיג MaNHeeYG became a word for leader, the one in the driver’s seat.

For  the alleged derivatives of Indo-European “root”  ag (to drive),  see HEGEMONY.

In German gang -2 , customary, echoes נהג   NaHahG, accustomed  ,and  מנהג  

MiNHahG, custom.  Before daring to assume that gang -1  (walk, motion, way… a lead in to English GOING, GO and especially GONE), is also related, a “lead” word is needed.  Then comes GANGelband which means “leading-strings.” Gang is also used in an expression meaning “to lead by the nose.”

 GONE is a simple reversal of our Noon-Gimel. But a metathesis and guttural shift made it impossible to link GO or Scottish gang to our נהג   NaHahG etymon without the German “lead” words. The AHD’s Indo-European “root” for GO, AGO and FORGO is ghe (to release, let go).

Bible Verses

Exodus 3:1 ומשׁה היה רעה את־צאן יתרו חתנו כהן מדין וינהג את־הצאן אחר המדבר ויבא אל־הר האלהים חרבה׃

“Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the farthest end of the wilderness, and came to the mountain of God, unto Horeb.”



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