Origin of English word NAILS

Bookmark and Share

The word NAILS is addressed in the entry: NAIL

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









to lock


The Indo-European “root” of NAIL is nogh (nail, claw). Historically true etymons come no earlier than Old English naegl, nail.  The ideal etymon would be older than Germanic, include the L of NAIL, and allow for both a vowel and a G after the N.  Enter Edenic Noon-Ayin-Lamed, which can be read as either נעל Na’[A]hL or נעל NaGHahL and means to lock  (Judges 3:24), bar, bolt or “to enclose the foot with a sandal or shoe.”   נעל Na’[A]hL is a shoe in Genesis 14:23 (a locking sandal).    נעה N[A]Hah and N’al are a sandal or shoe in Syriac and Arabic. Adding a Mem prefix, we get MiN’GHaL .  In Deuteronomy 33:25 מ נעל   MiN’GHaL is “shoes” (KJV) or “doorbolts” (JPS), and a better source for MANACLE than mana, hand.   The two-letter subroot is the Noon-Ayin (like the Indo-European “root”), as seen in נעץ Na’[A]hTS or נע NaGHaTS, to, to stick in, wedge , like the thorns of Isaiah 55:13, which gave rise to Noon-Ayin-Tsadi words for tacks and clasps. For sharp reversals of NT, see TINE.   Even if the sound seems to be NAILED down, what is the sense connection between a locking bolt or sandal and an animal’s claw, talon or nail?  The predator sinks its nails in its prey to lock it in its grasp.  With human’s it is the female that will sink her nails into a desired mate.  To lock together two pieces of wood we drive NAILS in.


Noon-Ayin-Lamed is not about footwear, but it has made it to some sandal words. Cuaran is a sandal in Irish And Scottish. The Old Irish form is accrann. These are from an M231, S-G, S-L of our נעל  Na’GHahL, sandal, shoe that is locked into place.

The NAIL from Noon-Ayin-Lamed is beginning to catch , but the final nail in the coffin would be if there are other NL words for ‘lock” and “key.”  The Ayin-Lamed of NaGHaL may be the key to the KL lock words of Turkish (kilit), Modern Greek, and Arabic (kaloun – an M312 metathesis of Noon-Ayin-Lamed.  Hungarian lakat and Finnish lukko did not borrow from the English lock.  Since NaGHaL is the bolt for locking (shoes or doors), it makes sense that Scandinavian languages might recall this Edenic term for their “key” word: Danish nogle, Norwegian nokkel, and Swedish nyckel.  The Irish shoe, a ccrann , appears to be an  M231 metathesis, with guttural and liquid shift of the Edenic  Na’[A]hL, shoe.

LOCK itself is allegedly from Indo-European “root” leug- 1 (to bend, turn, wind), a cognate with the LOCK of hair. This is so weak, that we are forced to return to Edenic NaGHaL (lock), to reverse it and to drop the Noon. This gets us to a better “lagh” than the Indo-European “root” doctors. Lak a[t] (lock) in Hungarian sounds better as a  NaGHaL (lock) derivative when we consider other “lock” words.  Finnish lukko  is related to the Hungarian,  and confirms  that it is an LK word.  Turkish kilit reveals that the guttural Ayin-Lamed seems to be out there in the Near East. Now, Arabic kaloun is unlocked as an M312 metatheis of NaGHaL.

Bible Verses

Judges 3:24 והוא יצא ועבדיו באו ויראו והנה דלתות העליה נעלות ויאמרו אך מסיך הוא את־רגליו בחדר המקרה׃

“Now when ‘e was gone out, his servants came; and they saw, and, behold, the doors of the upper chamber were locked; and they said: 'Surely he is covering his feet in the cabinet of the cool chamber.’”



Related Words


Leave a Comment

Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.


 *Email (will not be published)

 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)