Origin of English word PANE

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









A PANE is a flat piece of material, the flat side of something that has many sides. Similarly, a PANEL is a flat piece of wood, etc. that forms a surface.

The second verse in the Bible has the Creator hovering over the  פני   PiNaY, “face" or the "surface of" the waters.  Edenic  פנה PiNaH and   פנים PaNeeYM means face, countenance, front and surface (Genesis43:31). As a verb, PaNaH is to face (Genesis18:22). Our reference books can only offer  Latin pannus (piece of cloth, rag) and the Indo-European “root” pan (fabric) as the source of PANE, PANEL, VANE (which points out or faces wind direction) and PANICLE (see PANIC).

While the direction here is merely the surface, it is still a member

Of the large פ-נ Pey-Noon family seen at POINT and in the word family chapter of The Origin of Speeches. Why is   פנים PaNeeYM plural? Because we have many faces: a “”game face” and one for children., etc.  The same   פנים Pey-Noon-Yod-Mem  in פנים    PiNeeYM  (inside – ee BIN) is the  built-in opposite of פנים  PaNeeYM (face, facet… the exterior front).


אופן OWPHeN means 1) wheel (Ezekiel 3:12), and 2) a manner or facet. It belongs in our פ-נ Pey-Noon family.  A  פ-נ Pey-Noon facet is the same as a face, so אופן OWPHeN is much the same as פנים      PaNeeYM  (face, source of PANE). A wheel changes its surface or PANE as it spins. When in motion, a wheel can have “no surface,” thus the  א Alef as negative prefix before our פ-נ Pey-Noon subroot.

  דפן   DoPHeN is a board or partition, another PANEL. A VN surface word like VENEER is currently attributed to Old French fournir (to furnish). PAINT (allegedly from Latin pingere) is another PN term of surfacing. PiNaY is the “surface” of the waters in the second verse of Genesis. Chinese ping X508  means “even, smooth… as  water surface.”

Showing the face or appearance is the sense of Greek phainesthai (to appear) and therefore of DIAPHONOUS, EMPHASIS, EPIPHANY, FANTASY, HIEROPHANT, PANT, PHANEROGAM, PHANTASM, PHANTASMAGORIA, PHANTOM, PHASE (see PHASE OUT), PHENO-, PHENOMENON, PHOSPHENE, SYCOPHANT, THEOPHANY and TIFFANY      The Finnish “surface” is pinta..

All these P-N words of appearance are listed under the Indo-European “root” bha- !   (to shine). PaNa$ is as lantern.  But a PHANTOM suddendly makes an appearance visible on the Pey-Noon pane (face, facet) or plane of our reality. It does not “shine” forth.

To VANISH (see VANISH) is to never show one's face. As our face precedes us, so (Lee)PH’NaY (before, in the face of, in front of) was before Old French avant (before) in allowing the development of words like VANGUARD, VAM(P), ADVANCE and (AD)VANTAGE. Learning Hebrew is AVANT-GARDE. (AVAUNT, meaning “hence” is now archaic.)

Other entries will PAN out over the wide PAMORAMA of BN, FN, VN or WN words of direction that are WINDING to all four WINDS. SeePiINeeYM (interior) and the POINTING inward at PENETRATE.

The Pey-Noon, PANE or surface of something is best in describing an object’s appearance (as in PHENO- words above) and it’s manner, shape or style. OWPHahN is defined as manner or style in the Ben-Yehudah dictionary.  The way it is translated by the KJV in Proverbs 25:11 one would not know it, but אופן  OWFahN may be behind the backward synonym pair: MORPH  and FORM. Both mean “shape;” one is M(R)F, the other F(R)M. This phenomenon, proving that words were designed and scrambled, and not evolved, appears in other word pairs like: ALTO/TALL, CAVity/VACuum, FOLIO/LEAF, and ROTARY/TIRE.

The middle R is deemphasized in considering these two as Pey-Noon surface or appearance words that belong here at PANE.  The PH and F are easily from   פ Phey.  The    נ Noon has morphed into an M. The OR comes from the   א-ו Aleph-Vav of   אופן OW PHahN.  This PHENOMENON  is best seen at the  OR  entry.

Chinese ping X508 means flat and even,  and later refers to level ground, a flat fish, and a flat plant on the “surface of water” (recalling Genesis 1:2). Ping X509 is a screen or protective facing.

Lest you thought the FORM-MORPH connection was fanciful, the two are cognates at the IE “root” merph (form – “root of unknown origin”).

The AHD also links the derivatives of Greek morphe, form, outward appearance,

[-MORPHE, MORPHEME, MORPHO- and MORPHOSIS] with  those of Latin forma, form, shape, appearance [ CONFORM, DEFORM, FORMAL and FORMULA].

The French bilabial-nasal “front” is the VN in devant.

In Swahiliwiden is panua; width is upana.        

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