Origin of English word PLANK

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English Word

PLANK

Edenic Word

PHeLaK[H]

Hebrew Word

פלך

Transliteration

Phey-Lamed-Khaf

Pronounciation

FelL-AHKH

Conversion

[PH-L-+N KH]

Roots

PLANKis from Indo-European plak- 1 ( to be flat ).   The meaning is off, but the etymologists are to be congratulated for uncovering a nasalization (extra N).  A plank can be a flat component.  Late Latin plancus ( board) and Latin plancas (flat-footed) are related to the smooth plane, but not to our PLK etymon.  Dictionaries other than the AHD do not mention flatness when defining PLANK and various related words.

פלך PHeLaKH is precisely such a sliced or peeled off portion of a whole structure.  In ISamuel King David's irregulars feed an Egyptian boy a  PHeLaKH or "piece of pressed fig cake." (One can picture the dried fig sections peeling off  FLAKE by FLAKE – see  FLAKE.)  The King James version of Songs42:3 renders the word as a "pieceof pomegranate" (which is being compared to a woman's brow).  A section or FLAKE would make a better etymological translation of  FeLaKH.  But usage has given FLAKE and PLANK other connotations.

Another useful bilabial-liquid-guttural in construction is PeReQ, joint.

Reverse the bilabial-liquid-guttural of פלך PHeLaKH (a slice or peeled-off section) to get קלף   QaLahF (to peel, a peel) – see CALIBER and PEEL.


Branches

The official cognates of PLANK include ARCHIPELAGO, COMPLACENT, IMPLACABLE, FLAKE, FLUKE, PELAGIC, PLACATE, PLACEBO, PLACENTA, PLACID, PLAGIARY, PLANCHET,  PLEA(D), PLEASANT and PLEASE.

A wooden plank may be related to PL stick terms like Basque palu and Tagalog palu (to hit with a stick or to cane). PeLe[K]H is a staff or cane in II Samuel 3:29.     More at BREAK, "FLAG" and PLOUGH.

Italian planking is palco; proof thatthe N in PLANK is a nasalization.

Near palco were terms like pala (shovel, paddle, blade, vane … for a windmill, oar or propeller) and palleta (paddle or pallet). This was evidence that the PL element of PROPELLER and the PL of PALLET were also from PHeLaKH.

 More bilabial-liquid-guttural sectionals at FLAKE.


Related Words

FOLK



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