Origin of English word PUGNACIOUS

Bookmark and Share

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[KH- P(H)-N → PGN]


Latin pugillus is a handful, while pugnus is a fist.

חפן K[H]oaPHaN is a handful (Exodus9:8) and a closed hand. The essential guttural-bilabial element is seen in כף KaPH, hand – see   CUFF. In either case a sleight of hand, a metathesis switching the first two letters, the P(H) and the KH turned G, brings the PGN Latin fist into focus. A hand measurement term like        חפן KHoPHaN gave rise to many five words and hand words linked to Indo-European “root”s like penkwe (five), and similar terms meaning fist or finger. Roots in Altaic and Uralic ( from Turkey to the Baltic) also mean fist, palm or finger, but the Edenic ח Het has become a G instead of a K.  Sanskrit five became pancu.


PoG[A] is to strike or touch. "To punch, strike" is the first sense of PUG. Cognates of PUGNACIOUS (given to fighting) at Indo-European “root” peuk (to prick) include IMPUGN, PONIARD, PUGILISM, PUGIL STICK, and REPUGNANT, BUNG, COMPUNCTION, POUNCE, PUNCTUATE, PUNCHEON and PUNCTUATE; and lastly PYGMY (from the Greek fist or pugme). Despite all this fists flying, the AHD did not include PUNCH. The drink called PUNCH is also a five (fingered) word in that punch is a drink with 5 ingredients.  FIVE, FIN and German finf (5) are traced to IE “root” penkwe (five), along with PENTA- words from Greek.  Hearing U as a V, a bilabial like Phey, חפן KHoPHaN is behind Latin words from quintus (5) like QUINTET and QUINTUPLE.

PUNJAB is a region with 5 rivers.  In Gurati (India) and the nearby Marathi of Bombay number five is panc;  These Dravidian languages are Indo-European, so they contributed to the reconstructed Indo-European “root” penkwe (five).

The Sanskrit 5, panca, gave us PACHISI and PUNCH. A PINCH is softer than a PUNCH, but it also involves FINGERS closing. This explains why the Japanese pliers, penchi, reminds one of PINCHING PINCERS. See FIN. Chinese peng X499 is a double handful. Like PUNCH, it is a M231 of Het-Phey-Noon.

Another hand measurement or handbreath that makes an excellent “five” word is DTaPHa[K]H (I Kings 7:26) – see . The T-P reverses to apte, five in Zuni (an isolate, native American language of New Mexico).

Pet, pat, and piec mean “five” in Czech, Slovak and Polish. More hand-five words at MITT.

Related Words


Leave a Comment

Comments are moderated and rel="nofollow" is in use. Offensive / irrelevant comments will be deleted.


 *Email (will not be published)

 *Enter captcha code

 Website (optional)