Origin of English word SAME

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









The given  Indo-European “root” is sem – 1 ( one, as one). Old Norse samr means “same.” Old English –sum, like, gives us the suffix –SOME.

עצם , עצמי [E]T SeM,  [A]TSMeeY mean self and selfsame (Genesis 7:13). 

When Adam recovered from anesthesia (Genesis 2:23) and noticed that Eve was a human of the SAME species, he said that she was  עצמי [  [A]TSMeeY, my ESSENCE, of my self , of my bone – see עצם [E]T SeM,  bone, at OSTEOMA.

  שם SHeM (name) is a related fricative-nasal. In  Genesis 2:20 Adan gives names  to many animals, names which are the SAME as the objects named,

SPARROW entry to assess this claim for yourself.

Doing the SAME action again and again is שנה  SHaNaH, to repeat,         שנן   SHeeNaiN  is to teach by  repetitive drilling (Deut.6:7)


Because the Edenic SAME  begins with  an ע   Ayin (dropped in Germanic), Greek can feature the ע   Ayin as H,  move the fricative to the end, and have a word for SAME  like homos. This gave English prefixes like HOMO- and HOMEO-.

Czech sam means “on one’s own, self.  It seems shorter than  עצם [E]T SeM, but it does contain the ESSENTIAL sound, and the marrow of the sense, of the Edenic. For likeness, see “SEMANTICS” and SIMULATION, where most of the AHD’s “cognates” of SAME belong.  For loss of name or reputation, see ASHAMED.

Repeatedly, SAME action again and again in Chinese is san X565 .  

Sahm is "to repeat" in Thai . The opposite of SAMENESS is the fricative-nasal CHANGE.


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