Origin of English word SATAN

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English Word

SATAN

Edenic Word

SaTaN

Hebrew Word

שטן

Transliteration

Sin-Tet-Noon

Pronounciation

Sah-TON

Conversion

[STN]

Meaning

harrassment

Roots

This is a mere Hebraism, like CHERUB, and would not deserve an entry were the verb form of this word not used in a non-SATANIC way.  While a crucial figure in Christianity and Islam, SATAN as a proper noun only appears in the Hebrew Bible in the book of Job.  In Job 1:7 this figure is “Satan”  in the KJV, or a celestial but figurative “Adversary” for the Jewish Publication Society (JPS).

In Numbers 22:32, Balaam’s ass is being hindered.   שט ן SaDTaN is rendered as a verb for the KJV, “to withstand.”  To the JPS it is a noun, an “adversary.”   The contrast begins with an extension of Sin-Tet-Noon, שטנה  SiDTNaH, in Genesis 26:21.  It is the name of a well dug by Abraham, and which is striven over and stopped up by the Philistines.  The KJV leaves it as “Sitnah,” while The JPS explains that the name means “harassment.”


Branches

The root’s sense of being an impediment allows it to mean “stop” in some languages, justifying an entry on a mere Hebraism.  In Norwegian “stop” is stans, while in נ Russian it is astanofka .   To play devil’s advocate, “the astan” could also be from [A]TSaR.   Other ‘stop” words at ARREST and HALT.


Bible Verses

Genesis 26:2 1 ו יאמר אליו מלאך יהוה על־מה הכית את־אתנך זה שׁלושׁ רגלים הנה אנכי יצאתי לשׂטן כי־ירט הדרך לנגדי׃

“And the angel of the LORD said unto him: 'Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? behold, I am come forth for an adversary, because thy way is contrary unto me;”


Strong

(7854)

Related Words

ARREST,HALT



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